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github.com/rivo/tview

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github.com/rivo/tview

Package tview implements rich widgets for terminal based user interfaces. The widgets provided with this package are useful for data exploration and data entry. The package implements the following widgets: The package also provides Application which is used to poll the event queue and draw widgets on screen. The following is a very basic example showing a box with the title "Hello, world!": First, we create a box primitive with a border and a title. Then we create an application, set the box as its root primitive, and run the event loop. The application exits when the application's Application.Stop function is called or when Ctrl-C is pressed. You will find more demos in the "demos" subdirectory. It also contains a presentation (written using tview) which gives an overview of the different widgets and how they can be used. Throughout this package, styles are specified using the tcell.Style type. Styles specify colors with the tcell.Color type. Functions such as tcell.GetColor, tcell.NewHexColor, and tcell.NewRGBColor can be used to create colors from W3C color names or RGB values. The tcell.Style type also allows you to specify text attributes such as "bold" or "underline" or a URL which some terminals use to display hyperlinks. Almost all strings which are displayed may contain style tags. A style tag's content is always wrapped in square brackets. In its simplest form, a style tag specifies the foreground color of the text. Colors in these tags are W3C color names or six hexadecimal digits following a hash tag. Examples: A style tag changes the style of the characters following that style tag. There is no style stack and no nesting of style tags. Style tags are used in almost everything from box titles, list text, form item labels, to table cells. In a TextView, this functionality has to be switched on explicitly. See the TextView documentation for more information. A style tag's full format looks like this: Each of the four fields can be left blank and trailing fields can be omitted. (Empty square brackets "[]", however, are not considered style tags.) Fields that are not specified will be left unchanged. A field with just a dash ("-") means "reset to default". You can specify the following flags to turn on certain attributes (some flags may not be supported by your terminal): Use uppercase letters to turn off the corresponding attribute, for example, "B" to turn off bold. Uppercase letters have no effect if the attribute was not previously set. Setting a URL allows you to turn a piece of text into a hyperlink in some terminals. Specify a dash ("-") to specify the end of the hyperlink. Hyperlinks must only contain single-byte characters (e.g. ASCII) and they may not contain bracket characters ("[" or "]"). Examples: In the rare event that you want to display a string such as "[red]" or "[#00ff1a]" without applying its effect, you need to put an opening square bracket before the closing square bracket. Note that the text inside the brackets will be matched less strictly than region or colors tags. I.e. any character that may be used in color or region tags will be recognized. Examples: You can use the Escape() function to insert brackets automatically where needed. When primitives are instantiated, they are initialized with colors taken from the global Styles variable. You may change this variable to adapt the look and feel of the primitives to your preferred style. Note that most terminals will not report information about their color theme. This package therefore does not support using the terminal's color theme. The default style is a dark theme and you must change the Styles variable to switch to a light (or other) theme. This package supports all unicode characters supported by your terminal. If your terminal supports mouse events, you can enable mouse support for your application by calling Application.EnableMouse. Note that this may interfere with your terminal's default mouse behavior. Mouse support is disabled by default. Many functions in this package are not thread-safe. For many applications, this is not an issue: If your code makes changes in response to key events, the corresponding callback function will execute in the main goroutine and thus will not cause any race conditions. (Exceptions to this are documented.) If you access your primitives from other goroutines, however, you will need to synchronize execution. The easiest way to do this is to call Application.QueueUpdate or Application.QueueUpdateDraw (see the function documentation for details): One exception to this is the io.Writer interface implemented by TextView. You can safely write to a TextView from any goroutine. See the TextView documentation for details. You can also call Application.Draw from any goroutine without having to wrap it in Application.QueueUpdate. And, as mentioned above, key event callbacks are executed in the main goroutine and thus should not use Application.QueueUpdate as that may lead to deadlocks. It is also not necessary to call Application.Draw from such callbacks as it will be called automatically. All widgets listed above contain the Box type. All of Box's functions are therefore available for all widgets, too. Please note that if you are using the functions of Box on a subclass, they will return a *Box, not the subclass. This is a Golang limitation. So while tview supports method chaining in many places, these chains must be broken when using Box's functions. Example: You will need to call Box.SetBorder separately: All widgets also implement the Primitive interface. The tview package's rendering is based on version 2 of https://github.com/gdamore/tcell. It uses types and constants from that package (e.g. colors, styles, and keyboard values).


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Readme

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Rich Interactive Widgets for Terminal UIs

PkgGoDev Go Report

This Go package provides commonly used components for terminal based user interfaces.

Screenshot

Among these components are:

  • Input forms (including text input, selections, checkboxes, and buttons)
  • Navigable multi-color text views
  • Editable multi-line text areas
  • Sophisticated navigable table views
  • Flexible tree views
  • Selectable lists
  • Images
  • Grid, Flexbox and page layouts
  • Modal message windows
  • An application wrapper

They come with lots of customization options and can be easily extended to fit your needs.

Usage

To add this package to your project:

go get github.com/rivo/tview

Hello World

This basic example creates a box titled "Hello, World!" and displays it in your terminal:

package main

import (
	"github.com/rivo/tview"
)

func main() {
	box := tview.NewBox().SetBorder(true).SetTitle("Hello, world!")
	if err := tview.NewApplication().SetRoot(box, true).Run(); err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
}

Check out the GitHub Wiki for more examples along with screenshots. Or try the examples in the "demos" subdirectory.

For a presentation highlighting this package, compile and run the program found in the "demos/presentation" subdirectory.

Projects using tview

Documentation

Refer to https://pkg.go.dev/github.com/rivo/tview for the package's documentation. Also check out the Wiki.

Dependencies

This package is based on github.com/gdamore/tcell (and its dependencies) as well as on github.com/rivo/uniseg.

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Versioning and Backwards-Compatibility

I try really hard to keep this project backwards compatible. Your software should not break when you upgrade tview. But this also means that some of its shortcomings that were present in the initial versions will remain. In addition, at least for the time being, you won't find any version tags in this repo. The newest version should be the one to upgrade to. It has all the bugfixes and latest features. Having said that, backwards compatibility may still break when:

  • a new version of an imported package (most likely tcell) changes in such a way that forces me to make changes in tview as well,
  • I fix something that I consider a bug, rather than a feature, something that does not work as originally intended,
  • I make changes to "internal" interfaces such as Primitive. You shouldn't need these interfaces unless you're writing your own primitives for tview. (Yes, I realize these are public interfaces. This has advantages as well as disadvantages. For the time being, it is what it is.)

Your Feedback

Add your issue here on GitHub. Feel free to get in touch if you have any questions.

Code of Conduct

We follow Golang's Code of Conduct which you can find here.

FAQs

Package last updated on 22 Jan 2024

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