You're Invited:Meet the Socket Team at BlackHat and DEF CON in Las Vegas, Aug 7-8.RSVP
Sign inDemoInstall

Package Overview
File Explorer

Install Socket

Detect and block malicious and high-risk dependencies


Package iris provides a beautifully expressive and easy to use foundation for your next website, API, or distributed app. Source code and other details for the project are available at GitHub: 10.0.0 The only requirement is the Go Programming Language, at least version 1.8 but 1.9 is highly recommended. Example code: You can start the server(s) listening to any type of `net.Listener` or even `http.Server` instance. The method for initialization of the server should be passed at the end, via `Run` function. Below you'll see some useful examples: UNIX and BSD hosts can take advantage of the reuse port feature. Example code: That's all with listening, you have the full control when you need it. Let's continue by learning how to catch CONTROL+C/COMMAND+C or unix kill command and shutdown the server gracefully. In order to manually manage what to do when app is interrupted, we have to disable the default behavior with the option `WithoutInterruptHandler` and register a new interrupt handler (globally, across all possible hosts). Example code: Access to all hosts that serve your application can be provided by the `Application#Hosts` field, after the `Run` method. But the most common scenario is that you may need access to the host before the `Run` method, there are two ways of gain access to the host supervisor, read below. First way is to use the `app.NewHost` to create a new host and use one of its `Serve` or `Listen` functions to start the application via the `iris#Raw` Runner. Note that this way needs an extra import of the `net/http` package. Example Code: Second, and probably easier way is to use the `host.Configurator`. Note that this method requires an extra import statement of "" when using go < 1.9, if you're targeting on go1.9 then you can use the `iris#Supervisor` and omit the extra host import. All common `Runners` we saw earlier (`iris#Addr, iris#Listener, iris#Server, iris#TLS, iris#AutoTLS`) accept a variadic argument of `host.Configurator`, there are just `func(*host.Supervisor)`. Therefore the `Application` gives you the rights to modify the auto-created host supervisor through these. Example Code: Read more about listening and gracefully shutdown by navigating to: All HTTP methods are supported, developers can also register handlers for same paths for different methods. The first parameter is the HTTP Method, second parameter is the request path of the route, third variadic parameter should contains one or more iris.Handler executed by the registered order when a user requests for that specific resouce path from the server. Example code: In order to make things easier for the user, iris provides functions for all HTTP Methods. The first parameter is the request path of the route, second variadic parameter should contains one or more iris.Handler executed by the registered order when a user requests for that specific resouce path from the server. Example code: A set of routes that are being groupped by path prefix can (optionally) share the same middleware handlers and template layout. A group can have a nested group too. `.Party` is being used to group routes, developers can declare an unlimited number of (nested) groups. Example code: iris developers are able to register their own handlers for http statuses like 404 not found, 500 internal server error and so on. Example code: With the help of iris's expressionist router you can build any form of API you desire, with safety. Example code: At the previous example, we've seen static routes, group of routes, subdomains, wildcard subdomains, a small example of parameterized path with a single known parameter and custom http errors, now it's time to see wildcard parameters and macros. iris, like net/http std package registers route's handlers by a Handler, the iris' type of handler is just a func(ctx iris.Context) where context comes from Iris has the easiest and the most powerful routing process you have ever meet. At the same time, iris has its own interpeter(yes like a programming language) for route's path syntax and their dynamic path parameters parsing and evaluation, We call them "macros" for shortcut. How? It calculates its needs and if not any special regexp needed then it just registers the route with the low-level path syntax, otherwise it pre-compiles the regexp and adds the necessary middleware(s). Standard macro types for parameters: if type is missing then parameter's type is defaulted to string, so {param} == {param:string}. If a function not found on that type then the "string"'s types functions are being used. i.e: Besides the fact that iris provides the basic types and some default "macro funcs" you are able to register your own too!. Register a named path parameter function: at the func(argument ...) you can have any standard type, it will be validated before the server starts so don't care about performance here, the only thing it runs at serve time is the returning func(paramValue string) bool. Example Code: A path parameter name should contain only alphabetical letters, symbols, containing '_' and numbers are NOT allowed. If route failed to be registered, the app will panic without any warnings if you didn't catch the second return value(error) on .Handle/.Get.... Last, do not confuse ctx.Values() with ctx.Params(). Path parameter's values goes to ctx.Params() and context's local storage that can be used to communicate between handlers and middleware(s) goes to ctx.Values(), path parameters and the rest of any custom values are separated for your own good. Run Static Files Example code: More examples can be found here: Middleware is just a concept of ordered chain of handlers. Middleware can be registered globally, per-party, per-subdomain and per-route. Example code: iris is able to wrap and convert any external, third-party Handler you used to use to your web application. Let's convert the net/http external middleware which returns a `next form` handler. Example code: Iris supports 5 template engines out-of-the-box, developers can still use any external golang template engine, as `context/context#ResponseWriter()` is an `io.Writer`. All of these five template engines have common features with common API, like Layout, Template Funcs, Party-specific layout, partial rendering and more. Example code: View engine supports bundled( template files too. go-bindata gives you two functions, asset and assetNames, these can be setted to each of the template engines using the `.Binary` func. Example code: A real example can be found here: Enable auto-reloading of templates on each request. Useful while developers are in dev mode as they no neeed to restart their app on every template edit. Example code: Note: In case you're wondering, the code behind the view engines derives from the "" package, access to the engines' variables can be granded by "" package too. Each one of these template engines has different options located here: . This example will show how to store and access data from a session. You don’t need any third-party library, but If you want you can use any session manager compatible or not. In this example we will only allow authenticated users to view our secret message on the /secret page. To get access to it, the will first have to visit /login to get a valid session cookie, which logs him in. Additionally he can visit /logout to revoke his access to our secret message. Example code: Running the example: Sessions persistence can be achieved using one (or more) `sessiondb`. Example Code: More examples: In this example we will create a small chat between web sockets via browser. Example Server Code: Example Client(javascript) Code: Running the example: Iris has first-class support for the MVC pattern, you'll not find these stuff anywhere else in the Go world. Example Code: // GetUserBy serves // Method: GET // Resource: http://localhost:8080/user/{username:string} // By is a reserved "keyword" to tell the framework that you're going to // bind path parameters in the function's input arguments, and it also // helps to have "Get" and "GetBy" in the same controller. // // func (c *ExampleController) GetUserBy(username string) mvc.Result { // return mvc.View{ // Name: "user/username.html", // Data: username, // } // } Can use more than one, the factory will make sure that the correct http methods are being registered for each route for this controller, uncomment these if you want: Iris web framework supports Request data, Models, Persistence Data and Binding with the fastest possible execution. Characteristics: All HTTP Methods are supported, for example if want to serve `GET` then the controller should have a function named `Get()`, you can define more than one method function to serve in the same Controller. Register custom controller's struct's methods as handlers with custom paths(even with regex parametermized path) via the `BeforeActivation` custom event callback, per-controller. Example: Persistence data inside your Controller struct (share data between requests) by defining services to the Dependencies or have a `Singleton` controller scope. Share the dependencies between controllers or register them on a parent MVC Application, and ability to modify dependencies per-controller on the `BeforeActivation` optional event callback inside a Controller, i.e Access to the `Context` as a controller's field(no manual binding is neede) i.e `Ctx iris.Context` or via a method's input argument, i.e Models inside your Controller struct (set-ed at the Method function and rendered by the View). You can return models from a controller's method or set a field in the request lifecycle and return that field to another method, in the same request lifecycle. Flow as you used to, mvc application has its own `Router` which is a type of `iris/router.Party`, the standard iris api. `Controllers` can be registered to any `Party`, including Subdomains, the Party's begin and done handlers work as expected. Optional `BeginRequest(ctx)` function to perform any initialization before the method execution, useful to call middlewares or when many methods use the same collection of data. Optional `EndRequest(ctx)` function to perform any finalization after any method executed. Session dynamic dependency via manager's `Start` to the MVC Application, i.e Inheritance, recursively. Access to the dynamic path parameters via the controller's methods' input arguments, no binding is needed. When you use the Iris' default syntax to parse handlers from a controller, you need to suffix the methods with the `By` word, uppercase is a new sub path. Example: Register one or more relative paths and able to get path parameters, i.e Response via output arguments, optionally, i.e Where `any` means everything, from custom structs to standard language's types-. `Result` is an interface which contains only that function: Dispatch(ctx iris.Context) and Get where HTTP Method function(Post, Put, Delete...). Iris has a very powerful and blazing fast MVC support, you can return any value of any type from a method function and it will be sent to the client as expected. * if `string` then it's the body. * if `string` is the second output argument then it's the content type. * if `int` then it's the status code. * if `bool` is false then it throws 404 not found http error by skipping everything else. * if `error` and not nil then (any type) response will be omitted and error's text with a 400 bad request will be rendered instead. * if `(int, error)` and error is not nil then the response result will be the error's text with the status code as `int`. * if `custom struct` or `interface{}` or `slice` or `map` then it will be rendered as json, unless a `string` content type is following. * if `mvc.Result` then it executes its `Dispatch` function, so good design patters can be used to split the model's logic where needed. Examples with good patterns to follow but not intend to be used in production of course can be found at: By creating components that are independent of one another, developers are able to reuse components quickly and easily in other applications. The same (or similar) view for one application can be refactored for another application with different data because the view is simply handling how the data is being displayed to the user. If you're new to back-end web development read about the MVC architectural pattern first, a good start is that wikipedia article: But you should have a basic idea of the framework by now, we just scratched the surface. If you enjoy what you just saw and want to learn more, please follow the below links: Examples: Middleware: Home Page: Book (in-progress):

Version published



Iris Web Framework

build status report card chat view examples release

Iris is a fast, simple yet fully featured and very efficient web framework for Go.

Iris provides a beautifully expressive and easy to use foundation for your next website or API.

Finally, a real expressjs equivalent for the Go Programming Language.

Learn what others say about Iris and star this github repository to stay up to date.


Thank you to all our backers! 🙏 Become a backer

$ cat example.go
package main

import ""

func main() {
    app := iris.New()
    // Load all templates from the "./views" folder
    // where extension is ".html" and parse them
    // using the standard `html/template` package.
    app.RegisterView(iris.HTML("./views", ".html"))

    // Method:    GET
    // Resource:  http://localhost:8080
    app.Get("/", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        // Bind: {{.message}} with "Hello world!"
        ctx.ViewData("message", "Hello world!")
        // Render template file: ./views/hello.html

    // Method:    GET
    // Resource:  http://localhost:8080/user/42
    // Need to use a custom regexp instead?
    // Easy,
    // just mark the parameter's type to 'string'
    // which accepts anything and make use of
    // its `regexp` macro function, i.e:
    // app.Get("/user/{id:string regexp(^[0-9]+$)}")
    app.Get("/user/{id:long}", func(ctx iris.Context) {
        userID, _ := ctx.Params().GetInt64("id")
        ctx.Writef("User ID: %d", userID)

    // Start the server using a network address.

Learn more about path parameter's types by clicking here

<!-- file: ./views/hello.html -->
    <title>Hello Page</title>
$ go run example.go
Now listening on: http://localhost:8080
Application Started. Press CTRL+C to shut down.


The only requirement is the Go Programming Language

$ go get -u

Iris takes advantage of the vendor directory feature. You get truly reproducible builds, as this method guards against upstream renames and deletes.

Iris vs .NET Core(C#) vs Node.js (Express)

Updated at: Tuesday, 21 November 2017

Benchmarks from third-party source over the rest web frameworks

Comparison with other frameworks


  • HISTORY file is your best friend, it contains information about the latest features and changes
  • Did you happen to find a bug? Post it at github issues
  • Do you have any questions or need to speak with someone experienced to solve a problem at real-time? Join us to the community chat
  • Complete our form-based user experience report by clicking here
  • Do you like the framework? Tweet something about it! The People have spoken:

For more information about contributing to the Iris project please check the file.

List of all Contributors


First of all, the most correct way to begin with a web framework is to learn the basics of the programming language and the standard http capabilities, if your web application is a very simple personal project without performance and maintainability requirements you may want to proceed just with the standard packages. After that follow the guidelines:

  • Navigate through 100+1 examples and some iris starter kits we crafted for you
  • Read the godocs for any details
  • Prepare a cup of coffee or tea, whatever pleases you the most, and read some articles we found for you

Iris starter kits

  1. A basic web app built in Iris for Go
  2. A mini social-network created with the awesome Iris💖💖
  3. Iris isomorphic react/hot reloadable/redux/css-modules starter kit
  4. Demo project with react using typescript and Iris
  5. Self-hosted Localization Management Platform built with Iris and Angular
  6. Iris + Docker and Kubernetes
  7. Quickstart for Iris with Nanobox
  8. A Hasura starter project with a ready to deploy Golang hello-world web app with IRIS

Did you build something similar? Let us know!


Iris has a great collection of handlers[1][2] that you can use side by side with your web apps. However you are not limited to them - you are free to use any third-party middleware that is compatible with the net/http package, _examples/convert-handlers will show you the way.

Iris, unlike others, is 100% compatible with the standards and that's why the majority of the big companies that adapt Go to their workflow, like a very famous US Television Network, trust Iris; it's always up-to-date and it will be aligned with the std net/http package which is modernized by the Go Author on each new release of the Go Programming Language forever.


Get hired

There are many companies and start-ups looking for Go web developers with Iris experience as requirement, we are searching for you every day and we post those information via our facebook page, like the page to get notified, we have already posted some of them.


Thank you to all our sponsors! (please ask your company to also support this open source project by becoming a sponsor)


Iris is licensed under the 3-Clause BSD License. Iris is 100% free and open-source software.

For any questions regarding the license please send e-mail.


Package last updated on 16 Jan 2018

Did you know?


Socket for GitHub automatically highlights issues in each pull request and monitors the health of all your open source dependencies. Discover the contents of your packages and block harmful activity before you install or update your dependencies.


Related posts

SocketSocket SOC 2 Logo


  • Package Alerts
  • Integrations
  • Docs
  • Pricing
  • FAQ
  • Roadmap
  • Changelog


Stay in touch

Get open source security insights delivered straight into your inbox.

  • Terms
  • Privacy
  • Security

Made with ⚡️ by Socket Inc