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amqp-cacoon

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amqp-cacoon

AmqpCacoon is an abstraction around amqplib that provides a simple interface with flow control included out of the box

    3.1.0latest

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Changelog

Source

v3.1.0

3.1.0 (2022-03-25)

Features

  • Update readme to include a comment about virtual host (d45e492)

Readme

Source

AmqpCacoon

CircleCI License: MIT TypeScript semantic-release

Overview

This is a basic library to provide amqp support. This library is a wrapper around node-amqp-connection-manager which wraps amqplib.

Features

AMQP Cacoon, in combination with AMQP Connection Manager:

  • provides support for behind-the-scenes retries on network failure:
    • automatically handles reconnect if AMQP connection is lost and re-established.
    • caches published messages if they are published while AMQP is disconnected.
  • guarantees receipt of published messages and provides wrappers around potentially non-persistent channels.
  • allows consuming single or a batch of messages.

Dependencies

This version of AMQP Cacoon has been tested with:

It is possible the package functions correctly with older versions of node and other dependencies, though these might be untested.

Simple Usage

Connect

This allows you to connect to an amqp server

const config = { messageBus: { // Protocol should be "amqp" or "amqps" protocol: 'amqp', // Username + Password on the RabbitMQ host username: 'valtech', password: 'iscool', // Host host: 'localhost', // Port port: 5672, // Queue setup testQueue: 'test-queue', // Optional Virtual Host parameter // vhost: 'VirtualHost', }, }; let amqpCacoon = new AmqpCacoon({ protocol: config.messageBus.protocol, username: config.messageBus.username, password: config.messageBus.password, host: config.messageBus.host, port: config.messageBus.port, // AMQP Options which should conform to <AmqpConnectionManagerOptions> amqp_opts: { // Pass options to node amqp connection manager (a wrapper around AMQPLIB) // See connect(urls, options) in https://www.npmjs.com/package/amqp-connection-manager heartbeatIntervalInSeconds: 5, // Default reconnectTimeInSeconds: 5, // Default // Pass options into the underlying AMQPLIB. // See AMQPLIB SocketOptions https://www.squaremobius.net/amqp.node/channel_api.html#connect connectionOptions: { // If using AMQPS, we need to pass the contents of your CA file as a buffer into the broker host via amqp_opts. // This is facilitated for you here. Just copy your CA CERT file to the same location as this config file // then edit the secrets.json file to enter the NAME of your CA CERT file! Don't forget to set 'amqps' and // 'port' to the corresponding AMQPS values also in this configuration! // See https://www.squaremobius.net/amqp.node/ssl.html for more details. ca: config.messageBus.port === 'amqps' ? [ fs.readFileSync( __dirname + '/' + secrets.amqpCACertName || 'ca_certificate.pem' ), ] : null, }, }, providers: { logger: logger, }, });

Note: See the RabbitMQ Setup section below for how to set up Exchanges and Queues once your connection is established.

Publishing Messages

Once you have an active amqpCaccon object, here is an example of how to publish a message.

// Connects and sets up a publish channel let channel = await amqpCacoon.getPublishChannel(); // Publish await amqpCacoon.publish( // 1 '', // 2 config.messageBus.testQueue, // 3 Buffer.from('TestMessage') );

Note:

  1. This is the exchange name to publish into. Leaving this blank publishes to the AMQP Default Exchange.
  2. This is the routing key for the message. If you publish to the AMQP Default Exchange, then the Routing Key needs to be the name of a Queue which the default Exchange will route the message into. If you're publishing to a named Exchange (which is more flexible) then you can still pass a routing key but be sure to BIND that exchange to one or more queues based on the routing key so that the exchnage knows how to route your messages! Learn more about routing here: https://www.rabbitmq.com/tutorials/tutorial-four-javascript.html
  3. This is the message to publish. Notice it must be a Buffer.

Note: Please see ./examples/example-amqp-publish.js for a complete example.

Consume Single Message

This is an example of how to consume a single message.

let channel = await amqpCacoon.getConsumerChannel(); // Connects and sets up a subscription channel // Create queue channel.assertQueue(config.messageBus.testQueue); // Consume single message at a time amqpCacoon.registerConsumer( config.messageBus.testQueue, async (channel: Channel, msg: ConsumeMessage) => { try { console.log('Messsage content', msg.content.toString()); // ... Do other processing here channel.ack(msg) // To ack a messages } catch (e) { channel.nack(msg) // To ack a messages } } );

Note: Please see ./examples/example-amqp-consumer.js for a complete example.

Consume Message Batch

When consuming messages, instead of one at a time, you can choose to have your callback passed in a batch. This feature allows you to wait until either some time has elapsed or a specified message data size has been exceeded before the messages are turned over to your callback.

// Consume batch of message at a time. Configuration for time based or size based batching is provided amqpCacoon.registerConsumerBatch( config.messageBus.testQueue, async (channel: Channel, batch: ConsumeBatchMessages) => { try { console.log(`Messsages in the bactch: ${batch.messages.length}`); // ... Do other processing here. Note `batch.messages` is an array of messages! batch.ackAll() // To ack all messages } catch (e) { batch.nackAll() // To nack all messages } }, { batching: { maxTimeMs: 60000, // Don't provide messages to the callback until at least 60000 ms have passed maxSizeBytes: 1024 * 1024 * 2, // 1024 * 1024 * 2 = 2 MB -don't provide message to the callback until 2 MB of data have been received } } );

Note: Please see ./examples/example-amqp-consumer-batch.js for a complete example.

Note that in practice, all messages are fetched by AMQP Cacoon from the broker as soon as they're released by the broker. However, AMQP Cacoon batches the contents until the time or data limit is reached, then your callback is handed over the messages for processing. Note that AMQP Cacoon will not ACK nor NACK the messages until your callback decides! So, you'll see the messages accumulate in RabbitMQ until your callback is called, then batches will be removed from RMQ as you ACK them. The best practice is to write your application to either ACK or NACK all the messages in a batch, however, it is possible to ACK, NACK individual messages (though that is not demonstrated here.)

Dealing With Channels via ChannelWrapper

This library exposes node-amqp-connection-manager's ChannelWrapper when you call either getConsumerChannel or getPublishChannel. Instead of exposing the Amqp Channel directly (which may or may not be valid depending on the network status), AmqpConnectionManager provides a ChannelWrapper class as an interface to interacting with the underlying channel. Most functions that can be performed on an AmqpLib Channel can be performed on the ChannelWrapper, including ackAll, nackAll, etc. though they are Promise-based. See AMQPConnectionManager's documentation for more info, as well as the underlying amqplib docs.

Note:

  1. Remember to ack or nack on all messages. This is a standard message bus pattern.
  2. An alternative is to pass an option into the registerConsumer to not require an ack (noAck). The problem with this is that if your application is reset or errors out, you may lose the message or messages.

RabbitMQ Setup

AMQP Caccon exposes the underlying Amqp Connection Manager setup function which allows a setup callback to be passed in the configuration, or added to a ChannelWrapper at any point. This function can be used with callbacks or Promises and directly exposes the underlying AMQP channel as a ConfirmChannel (an extension of Channel) (since we know it is valid at that point). The setup function is useful for asserting queues and performing other necessary tasks that must be completed once a valid connection to amqp is made. See AMQPConnectionManager's documentation for more details.

Here are typescript and javascript examples of this in practice:

let amqpCacoonConfig: IAmqpCacoonConfig = { protocol: config.messageBus.protocol, username: config.messageBus.username, password: config.messageBus.password, host: config.messageBus.host, port: config.messageBus.port, connectionString: config.messageBus.connectionString, amqp_opts: {}, providers: { logger: logger, }, // 1 onChannelConnect: async function (channel: ConfirmChannel) { if (channel) { // 2 await channel.assertQueue(config.messageBus.testQueue); } }, }; let amqpCacoonConfig = { protocol: config.messageBus.protocol, username: config.messageBus.username, password: config.messageBus.password, host: config.messageBus.host, port: config.messageBus.port, connectionString: config.messageBus.connectionString, amqp_opts: {}, providers: { logger: logger, }, // 1 onChannelConnect: async function (channel) { if (channel) { // 2 await channel.assertQueue(config.messageBus.testQueue); } }, };

Note that in both examples:

  1. You add a callback in your amqpCacoonConfig which will be called once the connection to RabbitMQ is established passing in a channel into the callback.
  2. You then use that channel to perform assertQueue(), assertExhange(), bindQueue() and other setup operations.

Run the Examples

The directory ./examples/src contains several examples demonstrating the features of AMQP Cacoon.

To run the examples:

  1. Install node modules
cd ./examples npm i
  1. Make sure that you have an AMQP broker like RabbitMQ running, as noted in the comments at the top of the example files in examples/src.

  2. Run any one of the specific examples

node ./example-amqp-publish.js

Running Tests for this Repo

Note that all the tests for this REPO are UNIT TESTS that do not require an actual AMQP host to be setup. Consequently, the tests verify that the AMQP Cacoon wrappers are properly calling the underlying AMQPLIP and NODE AMQP MANAGER libraries. For a more "real world" test, see Run the Examples.

  1. Install node modules (This also loads local modules from our own repositories)

    npm install
  2. Run tests

    npm run test

Roadmap

  • TODO: Add an example of ConsumeBatch where individual messages are ACK/NACK.
  • PENDING: Timeout if drain event does not occur after some amount of time when channel is not ready to receive a publish. As of 09/2020, the publish-on-drain functionality has been removed, as node-amqp-manager does not support it at this time (pending a bugfix?). This requires further research and testing. See https://github.com/valtech-sd/amqp-cacoon/issues/20.
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