Exciting release!Introducing "safe npm". Learn more
Log inDemoInstall


Package Overview
File Explorer

Advanced tools


REST + OData + Mongoose/MongoDb


Version published
Weekly downloads
increased by79.21%

Weekly downloads




See the Home Page for the contents of this README and the jsdoc for the Resource base class (the module's export).

Node.Js module to allow for creation of REST resources served up via ExpressJS and persisting data via Mongoose that:

  • Supports OData query arguments like; $filter, $orderby, $select, $expand, $top and $skip.
  • Supports simple, resource definitions requiring minimal code.
  • Supports static and instance based relationships between entities.
  • Allows for Mongoose models to be defined and used independent of the resource implementation.
  • Allows for a high degree of customization/over-riding of default behavior.

I found a few other modules that use the same basic components but invariably they wouldn't create the kinds of resources I wanted to be working with so I decided to write my own.


If exposing resources that support create (POST) and update (PUT) then your Express app must be able to parse JSON as input and you should use body-parser to get that done.

var app = require('express')(); app.use(require('body-parser').json());


The $filter implementation is not entirely complete and is only odata'ish in nature. Support for all operators is not complete. Two non-odata operators in and notin have been implemented. What is implemented:

Logical Operators

  • eq - Equal. E.g. /api/books?$filter=title eq 'Book Title'
  • ne - Not equal. E.g. /api/books?$filter=title ne 'Book Title'
  • lt - Less than. E.g. /api/books?$filter=pages lt 200
  • le - Less than or equal. E.g. /api/books?$filter=pages le 200
  • gt - Greater than. E.g. /api/books?$filter=pages gt 200
  • le - Greater than or equal. E.g. /api/books?$filter=pages ge 200
  • and - Logical and. E.g. /api/books?$filter=pages ge 200 and pages le 400
  • or - Logical and. E.g. /api/books?$filter=genre eq 'Action' or genre eq 'Fantasy'


  • startswith E.g. /api/books?$filter=startswith(title,'The')
  • endswith E.g. /api/books?$filter=endswith(title,'The')
  • contains E.g. /api/books?$filter=contains(title,'The')


  • in E.g. /api/books?$filter=in(genre,'Action','Drama')
  • notin E.g. /api/books?$filter=notin(genre,'Action','Drama')

Parenthesis can be used in $filter to group logical conditions. You just cannot mix and and or within a single sub-expression (set of parenthesis).

Examples: /api/books?$filter=(genre eq 'Action' or genre eq 'Fantasy') and pages lt 500 /api/books?$filter=(genre eq 'Action' or genre eq 'Fantasy') and (contains(title,'Lion') or contains(title,'Dragon'))

Case Sensitivity: Due to the performance implications on large collections all string related filtering is unadulterated meaning it's case sensitive. For the time being if you need case insensitive filtering you may need to consider a solution like storing a lower case version of the property you wish to perform such filtering on.


The most basic resource might look something like:

var mongoose = require('mongoose') Resource = require('odata-resource'), app = require('express')(); // build the Mongoose Model var bookModel = mongoose.model('Book',{ title: String, genre: String }); // define the REST resource var bookResource = new Resource({ rel: '/api/books', model: bookModel }); // setup the routes bookResource.initRouter(app);

A more complex set of objects might define relationships to one another like:

var models = { Author: mongoose.model('Author',{ firstname: { type: String, required: true, trim: true }, lastname: { type: String, required: true, trim: true } }), Book: mongoose.model('Book',{ title: { type: String, required: true, trim: true }, _author: {type: mongoose.Schema.Types.ObjectId, required: true, ref: 'Author'}, genre: { type: String, required: true, trim: true }, pages: { type: Number, required: false, min: 1 } }), Review: mongoose.model('Review',{ _book: {type: mongoose.Schema.Types.ObjectId, required: true}, content: { type: String, required: true, trim: true }, stars: { type: Number, required: true, min: 1, max: 5 }, updated: { type: Date, default: Date.now } }) }; var authors = new Resource({ rel: '/api/authors', model: models.Author, }) // Note: this implementation of a custom relationship is just an // example. In this simple case you wouldn't do this because the // more simple declarative version (like /api/books/<id>/reviews below) // would suffice, you'd just need to postpone the call to // instanceLink until -after- the books resource was created .instanceLink('books',function(req,res){ // custom relationship var query = books.initQuery(books.getModel().find({_author: req._resourceId}),req); query.exec(function(err,bks){ if(err){ return Resource.sendError(res,500,'error finding books',err); } books.listResponse(req,res,bks); }); }), reviews = new Resource({ rel: '/api/reviews', model: models.Review }), books = new Resource({ rel: '/api/books', model: models.Book, $orderby: 'title', populate: '_author' }).instanceLink('reviews',{ // simple instance based relationship otherSide: reviews, key: '_book' }).staticLink('genres',function(req,res){ // static type based relationship this.getModel().distinct('genre',function(err,genres){ if(err){ return Resource.sendError(res,500,'error getting genres',err); } res.send(genres); }); });

Default functionality can be over-ridden. For example perhaps you have some middleware that annotates the incoming request with the authenticated user (req.user) and you want:

  • To expose a static relationship named me that simply returns the currently logged in user.
  • To prevent non-administrative users from seeing the existence of other users via list.
  • To never expose a property containing sensitive information named secret.
var users = new Resource({ rel: '/api/users', model: User, $select: '-secret', // under normal operation don't expose 'secret' }); users.staticLink('me',function(req,res) { users.singleResponse(req,res,req.user,function(u){ // using annotated object so need to drop secret explicitly u.secret = undefined; return u; }); }); // override the list (/api/users?$orderby=...) users.find = (function(self){ var superFind = self.find; return function(req,res) { if(!req.user.isAdmin()) { // not an admin, only let them see themselves, but do // so as a normal list response so that the response can // also carry meta information. return users.listResponse(req,res,[req.user],function(u){ u.secret = undefined; return u; }); } return superFind.apply(self,arguments); }; })(users);

Count (experimental)

An implicit relationship count (similar to the odata $count) has been added that will return the integer count of a resource when listed or traversed from another entity relationship.

Important: This functionality must be explicitly enabled when constructing a resource by specifying the count key on the resource definition object.

For example:

var reviews = new Resource({ rel: '/api/reviews', model: models.Review, count: true }), books = new Resource({ rel: '/api/books', model: models.Book, $orderby: 'title', count: true }).instanceLink('reviews',{ // simple instance based relationship otherSide: reviews, key: '_book' });

Then list responses for /api/books and /api/reviews will contain a static link named count that will allow for counting of listed entities. Similarly when traversing the relationship from book to review like /api/book/<id>/reviews a count relationship will be exposed on the reviews response allowing those results to be counted.

In both cases the $filter parameter will be honored. For example /api/books/count will return the total number of books while /api/books/count?$filter=pages ge 100 will the number of books with more than 99 pages.

The same holds true for relationships. For example /api/books/<id>/reviews will return the number of reviews for a given book while /api/books/<id>/reviews?$filter=stars gt 1 will return the number of reviews for a given book with more than one star.

Example output without $filter for a book's reviews like /api/books/<id>/reviews:

{ list: [{ _id: "5768a1f6db20b190e421c777", content: "Loved it!", stars: 5, _book: "5768a1f6db20b190e421c775", updated: "2016-06-21T02:09:58.199Z", __v: 0, _links: { self: "/api/reviews/5768a1f6db20b190e421c777" } },{ _id: "5768a1f6db20b190e421c778", content: "Hated it!", stars: 1, _book: "5768a1f6db20b190e421c775", updated: "2016-06-21T02:09:58.201Z", __v: 0, _links: { self: "/api/reviews/5768a1f6db20b190e421c778" } }], _links: { count: "/api/books/5768a1f6db20b190e421c775/reviews/count" } }

Example output with $filter for a book's five star reviews like /api/books/<id>/reviews?$filter=stars eq 5

{ list: [{ _id: "5768a1f6db20b190e421c777", content: "Loved it!", stars: 5, _book: "5768a1f6db20b190e421c775", updated: "2016-06-21T02:09:58.199Z", __v: 0, _links: { self: "/api/reviews/5768a1f6db20b190e421c777" } }], _links: { count: "/api/books/5768a1f6db20b190e421c775/reviews/count?%24filter=stars%20eq%205" } }

In the relationship case it's important to understand that it's the "other side" object that dictates wether the count relationship will be added. In the above example if count had not been specified (or set to false) when constructing the reviews resource then there woudl be no such relationship like /api/books/<id>/reviews/count because reviews don't support counting.

The routes for count only exist for basic relationships where the instanceLink function is supplied otherSide and key as input.


Requires that mongod be running on the default port.

% npm install -g mocha ... % npm test

New in 1.0

The or operator has been implemented for the $filter parameter and the use of parenthesis for grouping within $filter.

Filtering by date is now supported. E.g. $filter=date lt 2018-01-01T00:00:00.000Z

New in 1.1

A basic index.d.ts has been added so that Resource can be used better from Typescript projects.


import Resource = require('odata-resource'); import { Request, Response } from 'express'; class MyResource extends Resource<MyDoc> { find(req:Request,res:Response) { return this.find(req,res); } }

New in 1.2

Added support for the $expand query argument.

Nested expansion is supported. E.g. $expand=_book._author will end up in both the _book reference being expanded and its _author reference being expanded.

With this change the previous populate definition property has been deprecated. The new $expand property should be used and, like other resource definition properties plays the role of the default value for the $expand query argument. The $expand resource definition property can be a string, object or array of strings and/or objects to pass to mongoose.

Important: The corresponding Mongoose model ObjectId properties must have their ref properties set properly or expansion cannot work.



Last updated on 31 Dec 2019

Did you know?

Socket installs a Github app to automatically flag issues on every pull request and report the health of your dependencies. Find out what is inside your node modules and prevent malicious activity before you update the dependencies.

Install Socket
support@socket.devSocket SOC 2 Logo


  • Package Issues
  • Integrations
  • Docs
  • Pricing
  • FAQ
  • Roadmap

Stay in touch

Get open source security insights delivered straight into your inbox.

  • Terms
  • Privacy
  • Security

Made with ⚡️ by Socket Inc