long.js
A Long class for representing a 64 bit two'scomplement integer value derived from the Closure Library
for standalone use and extended with unsigned support.
Background
As of ECMA262 5th Edition, "all the positive and negative integers
whose magnitude is no greater than 2^{53} are representable in the Number type", which is "representing the
doubleprecision 64bit format IEEE 754 values as specified in the IEEE Standard for Binary FloatingPoint Arithmetic".
The maximum safe integer
in JavaScript is 2^{53}1.
Example: 2^{64}1 is 18446744073709551615 but in JavaScript it evaluates to 18446744073709552000.
Furthermore, bitwise operators in JavaScript "deal only with integers in the range −2^{31} through
2^{31}−1, inclusive, or in the range 0 through 2^{32}−1, inclusive. These operators accept any value of
the Number type but first convert each such value to one of 2^{32} integer values."
In some use cases, however, it is required to be able to reliably work with and perform bitwise operations on the full
64 bits. This is where long.js comes into play.
Usage
The class is compatible with CommonJS and AMD loaders and is exposed globally as Long
if neither is available.
var Long = require("long");
var longVal = new Long(0xFFFFFFFF, 0x7FFFFFFF);
console.log(longVal.toString());
...
API
Constructor
 new Long(low:
number
, high: number
, unsigned?: boolean
)
Constructs a 64 bit two'scomplement integer, given its low and high 32 bit values as signed integers. See the from* functions below for more convenient ways of constructing Longs.
Fields

Long#low: number
The low 32 bits as a signed value.

Long#high: number
The high 32 bits as a signed value.

Long#unsigned: boolean
Whether unsigned or not.
Constants

Long.ZERO: Long
Signed zero.

Long.ONE: Long
Signed one.

Long.NEG_ONE: Long
Signed negative one.

Long.UZERO: Long
Unsigned zero.

Long.UONE: Long
Unsigned one.

Long.MAX_VALUE: Long
Maximum signed value.

Long.MIN_VALUE: Long
Minimum signed value.

Long.MAX_UNSIGNED_VALUE: Long
Maximum unsigned value.
Utility

Long.isLong(obj: *
): boolean
Tests if the specified object is a Long.

Long.fromBits(lowBits: number
, highBits: number
, unsigned?: boolean
): Long
Returns a Long representing the 64 bit integer that comes by concatenating the given low and high bits. Each is assumed to use 32 bits.

Long.fromBytes(bytes: number[]
, unsigned?: boolean
, le?: boolean
): Long
Creates a Long from its byte representation.

Long.fromBytesLE(bytes: number[]
, unsigned?: boolean
): Long
Creates a Long from its little endian byte representation.

Long.fromBytesBE(bytes: number[]
, unsigned?: boolean
): Long
Creates a Long from its big endian byte representation.

Long.fromInt(value: number
, unsigned?: boolean
): Long
Returns a Long representing the given 32 bit integer value.

Long.fromNumber(value: number
, unsigned?: boolean
): Long
Returns a Long representing the given value, provided that it is a finite number. Otherwise, zero is returned.

Long.fromString(str: string
, unsigned?: boolean
, radix?: number
)
Long.fromString(str: string
, radix: number
)
Returns a Long representation of the given string, written using the specified radix.

Long.fromValue(val: *
, unsigned?: boolean
): Long
Converts the specified value to a Long using the appropriate from* function for its type.
Methods

Long#add(addend: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns the sum of this and the specified Long.

Long#and(other: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns the bitwise AND of this Long and the specified.

Long#compare/comp(other: Long  number  string
): number
Compares this Long's value with the specified's. Returns 0
if they are the same, 1
if the this is greater and 1
if the given one is greater.

Long#divide/div(divisor: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long divided by the specified.

Long#equals/eq(other: Long  number  string
): boolean
Tests if this Long's value equals the specified's.

Long#getHighBits(): number
Gets the high 32 bits as a signed integer.

Long#getHighBitsUnsigned(): number
Gets the high 32 bits as an unsigned integer.

Long#getLowBits(): number
Gets the low 32 bits as a signed integer.

Long#getLowBitsUnsigned(): number
Gets the low 32 bits as an unsigned integer.

Long#getNumBitsAbs(): number
Gets the number of bits needed to represent the absolute value of this Long.

Long#greaterThan/gt(other: Long  number  string
): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is greater than the specified's.

Long#greaterThanOrEqual/gte/ge(other: Long  number  string
): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is greater than or equal the specified's.

Long#isEven(): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is even.

Long#isNegative(): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is negative.

Long#isOdd(): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is odd.

Long#isPositive(): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is positive.

Long#isZero/eqz(): boolean
Tests if this Long's value equals zero.

Long#lessThan/lt(other: Long  number  string
): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is less than the specified's.

Long#lessThanOrEqual/lte/le(other: Long  number  string
): boolean
Tests if this Long's value is less than or equal the specified's.

Long#modulo/mod/rem(divisor: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long modulo the specified.

Long#multiply/mul(multiplier: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns the product of this and the specified Long.

Long#negate/neg(): Long
Negates this Long's value.

Long#not(): Long
Returns the bitwise NOT of this Long.

Long#notEquals/neq/ne(other: Long  number  string
): boolean
Tests if this Long's value differs from the specified's.

Long#or(other: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns the bitwise OR of this Long and the specified.

Long#shiftLeft/shl(numBits: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long with bits shifted to the left by the given amount.

Long#shiftRight/shr(numBits: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long with bits arithmetically shifted to the right by the given amount.

Long#shiftRightUnsigned/shru/shr_u(numBits: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long with bits logically shifted to the right by the given amount.

Long#rotateLeft/rotl(numBits: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long with bits rotated to the left by the given amount.

Long#rotateRight/rotr(numBits: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns this Long with bits rotated to the right by the given amount.

Long#subtract/sub(subtrahend: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns the difference of this and the specified Long.

Long#toBytes(le?: boolean
): number[]
Converts this Long to its byte representation.

Long#toBytesLE(): number[]
Converts this Long to its little endian byte representation.

Long#toBytesBE(): number[]
Converts this Long to its big endian byte representation.

Long#toInt(): number
Converts the Long to a 32 bit integer, assuming it is a 32 bit integer.

Long#toNumber(): number
Converts the Long to a the nearest floatingpoint representation of this value (double, 53 bit mantissa).

Long#toSigned(): Long
Converts this Long to signed.

Long#toString(radix?: number
): string
Converts the Long to a string written in the specified radix.

Long#toUnsigned(): Long
Converts this Long to unsigned.

Long#xor(other: Long  number  string
): Long
Returns the bitwise XOR of this Long and the given one.
WebAssembly support
WebAssembly supports 64bit integer arithmetic out of the box, hence a tiny WebAssembly module is used to compute operations like multiplication, division and remainder more efficiently (slow operations like division are around twice as fast), falling back to floating point based computations in JavaScript where WebAssembly is not yet supported, e.g., in older versions of node.
Building
To build an UMD bundle to dist/long.js
, run:
$> npm install
$> npm run build
Running the tests:
$> npm test