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bip174

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bip174

Build Status NPM

code style: prettier

A BIP174 compatible partial Transaction encoding library.

Bitcoin users, use bitcoinjs-lib's Psbt class.

This library is separate as an attempt to separate Bitcoin specific logic from the encoding format.

I apologize if this library is hard to use. Removing Bitcoin specific logic from "Partially Signed BITCOIN Transaction" format was kind of hard.

Responsibilities Covered

  1. Creator: You can create a new psbt and add inputs and outputs, then add extra info to the inputs using each individual method. (Note: Psbt.fromTransaction can create a PSBT from a serialized transaction, but all scriptSigs and witnessStacks must be empty, and the transaction should not have the segwit marker and flagbyte.)
  2. Updater: You can add one of all types of the input and output information. Each function has strict type checking at runtime.
  3. Combiner: using Psbt.combine(...Psbt[]), it will do a dumb merge gathering all the new key value pairs from the subsequent PSBTs into itself. The psbt calling combine has highest priority.

Responsibilities NOT Covered

In order to keep this library as separate from Bitcoin logic as possible, This library will not implement the following responsibilities. But rather, down the road bitcoinjs-lib will adopt this class and extend it internally to allow for the following:

  1. Signer: This class has no way to sign. You may add a PartialSig object though.
  2. Extractor: This class has minimal knowledge of Bitcoin transactions, so creating a full transaction from a PSBT must be done with a bitcoin aware extended class.
  3. Input Finalizer: This class, again, has no knowledge of whether an input is finished.

Static methods and addInput / addOutput require an abstract Transaction object

  • Static methods: You must pass a TransactionFromBuffer typed function. See ts_src/lib/interfaces.ts for info on the Transaction interface and the TransactionFromBuffer function.
  • addInput/addOutput methods: The constructor takes a Transaction abstract interface that has an addInput/addOutput method which will be called.

Example

const { Psbt } = require('bip174')
const { PsbtTransaction , pTxFromBuffer } = require('./someImplementation')
// Psbt requires a Transaction interface to create an instance, as well as
// A function that turns a buffer into that interface. See Transaction and TransactionFromBuffer
// in ts_src/lib/interfaces.ts ...

// See tests/utils/txTools file for an example of a simple Bitcoin Transaction.
// Also see BitcoinJS-lib for an extended class that uses the Transaction class internally.
// Anyone using this library for Bitcoin specifically should use bitcoinjs-lib

// Your PsbtTransaction will have a toBuffer function to allow for serialization
const tx = pTxFromBuffer(someTransactionBuffer);
const psbt = new Psbt(tx)

// OR

// This will parse the PSBT, and use the function you pass to parse the Transaction part
// the function should throw if the scriptSig section is not empty
const psbt = Psbt.fromBuffer(somePsbtBuffer, pTxFromBuffer)

psbt.addInput({
  hash: '865dce988413971fd812d0e81a3395ed916a87ea533e1a16c0f4e15df96fa7d4',
  index: 3,
})
psbt.addInput({
  hash: 'ff5dce988413971fd812d0e81a3395ed916a87ea533e1a16c0f4e15df96fa7d4',
  index: 1,
})
psbt.addOutput({
  script: Buffer.from(
    'a914e18870f2c297fbfca54c5c6f645c7745a5b66eda87',
    'hex',
  ),
  value: 1234567890,
})
psbt.addOutput({
  script: Buffer.from(
    'a914e18870f2c297fbfca54c5c6f645c7745a5b66eda87',
    'hex',
  ),
  value: 987654321,
})
psbt.addRedeemScriptToInput(0, Buffer.from(
  '00208c2353173743b595dfb4a07b72ba8e42e3797da74e87fe7d9d7497e3b2028903',
  'hex',
))
psbt.addWitnessScriptToInput(0, Buffer.from(
  '522103089dc10c7ac6db54f91329af617333db388cead0c231f723379d1b9903' +
    '0b02dc21023add904f3d6dcf59ddb906b0dee23529b7ffb9ed50e5e861519268' +
    '60221f0e7352ae',
  'hex',
))
psbt.addBip32DerivationToInput(0, {
  masterFingerprint: Buffer.from('d90c6a4f', 'hex'),
  pubkey: Buffer.from(
    '023add904f3d6dcf59ddb906b0dee23529b7ffb9ed50e5e86151926860221f0e73',
    'hex',
  ),
  path: "m/0'/0'/3'",
})
psbt.addBip32DerivationToInput(0, {
  masterFingerprint: Buffer.from('d90c6a4f', 'hex'),
  pubkey: Buffer.from(
    '03089dc10c7ac6db54f91329af617333db388cead0c231f723379d1b99030b02dc',
    'hex',
  ),
  path: "m/0'/0'/2'",
})
const b64 = psbt.toBase64();

LICENSE MIT

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Last updated on 26 Aug 2023

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