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    p-map

Map over promises concurrently


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Package description

What is p-map?

The p-map npm package is a library that allows you to map over promises concurrently, controlling the number of promises that are running at any given time. It is useful for throttling asynchronous operations that are initiated in a loop, such as API calls, file operations, or any task that returns a promise.

What are p-map's main functionalities?

Concurrency Control

This feature allows you to control the number of promises that are executed concurrently. In the code sample, `pMap` is used to fetch a list of URLs with a concurrency limit of 2, meaning only 2 promises will be running at the same time.

const pMap = require('p-map');

const urls = [/* ... */];
const fetchUrl = async url => {/* ... */};

(async () => {
  const result = await pMap(urls, fetchUrl, {concurrency: 2});
  console.log(result);
})();

Error Handling

p-map provides options for error handling. In this example, `stopOnError` is set to false, which means that p-map will not stop mapping over the remaining items when one promise rejects. Instead, it will continue with the rest and collect all the errors.

const pMap = require('p-map');

const tasks = [/* ... */];
const doTask = async task => {/* ... */};

(async () => {
  try {
    const result = await pMap(tasks, doTask, {concurrency: 4, stopOnError: false});
    console.log(result);
  } catch (error) {
    console.error('An error occurred:', error);
  }
})();

Promise Cancellation

p-map supports promise cancellation when used with cancelable promises, such as those created with the p-cancelable package. This allows you to cancel the execution of the promises if needed.

const pMap = require('p-map');
const {CancelablePromise} = require('p-cancelable');

const tasks = [/* ... */];
const cancellableTask = task => new CancelablePromise(resolve => {/* ... */});

(async () => {
  const mapper = cancellableTask;
  const result = await pMap(tasks, mapper, {concurrency: 3});
  console.log(result);
})();

Other packages similar to p-map

Readme

Source

p-map

Map over promises concurrently

Useful when you need to run promise-returning & async functions multiple times with different inputs concurrently.

This is different from Promise.all() in that you can control the concurrency and also decide whether or not to stop iterating when there's an error.

Install

npm install p-map

Usage

import pMap from 'p-map';
import got from 'got';

const sites = [
	getWebsiteFromUsername('sindresorhus'), //=> Promise
	'https://avajs.dev',
	'https://github.com'
];

const mapper = async site => {
	const {requestUrl} = await got.head(site);
	return requestUrl;
};

const result = await pMap(sites, mapper, {concurrency: 2});

console.log(result);
//=> ['https://sindresorhus.com/', 'https://avajs.dev/', 'https://github.com/']

API

pMap(input, mapper, options?)

Returns a Promise that is fulfilled when all promises in input and ones returned from mapper are fulfilled, or rejects if any of the promises reject. The fulfilled value is an Array of the fulfilled values returned from mapper in input order.

pMapIterable(input, mapper, options?)

Returns an async iterable that streams each return value from mapper in order.

import {pMapIterable} from 'p-map';

// Multiple posts are fetched concurrently, with limited concurrency and backpressure
for await (const post of pMapIterable(postIds, getPostMetadata, {concurrency: 8})) {
	console.log(post);
};
input

Type: AsyncIterable<Promise<unknown> | unknown> | Iterable<Promise<unknown> | unknown>

Synchronous or asynchronous iterable that is iterated over concurrently, calling the mapper function for each element. Each iterated item is await'd before the mapper is invoked so the iterable may return a Promise that resolves to an item.

Asynchronous iterables (different from synchronous iterables that return Promise that resolves to an item) can be used when the next item may not be ready without waiting for an asynchronous process to complete and/or the end of the iterable may be reached after the asynchronous process completes. For example, reading from a remote queue when the queue has reached empty, or reading lines from a stream.

mapper(element, index)

Type: Function

Expected to return a Promise or value.

options

Type: object

concurrency

Type: number (Integer)
Default: Infinity
Minimum: 1

Number of concurrently pending promises returned by mapper.

backpressure

Only for pMapIterable

Type: number (Integer)
Default: options.concurrency
Minimum: options.concurrency

Maximum number of promises returned by mapper that have resolved but not yet collected by the consumer of the async iterable. Calls to mapper will be limited so that there is never too much backpressure.

Useful whenever you are consuming the iterable slower than what the mapper function can produce concurrently. For example, to avoid making an overwhelming number of HTTP requests if you are saving each of the results to a database.

stopOnError

Only for pMap

Type: boolean
Default: true

When true, the first mapper rejection will be rejected back to the consumer.

When false, instead of stopping when a promise rejects, it will wait for all the promises to settle and then reject with an AggregateError containing all the errors from the rejected promises.

Caveat: When true, any already-started async mappers will continue to run until they resolve or reject. In the case of infinite concurrency with sync iterables, all mappers are invoked on startup and will continue after the first rejection. Issue #51 can be implemented for abort control.

signal

Only for pMap

Type: AbortSignal

You can abort the promises using AbortController.

import pMap from 'p-map';
import delay from 'delay';

const abortController = new AbortController();

setTimeout(() => {
	abortController.abort();
}, 500);

const mapper = async value => value;

await pMap([delay(1000), delay(1000)], mapper, {signal: abortController.signal});
// Throws AbortError (DOMException) after 500 ms.

pMapSkip

Return this value from a mapper function to skip including the value in the returned array.

import pMap, {pMapSkip} from 'p-map';
import got from 'got';

const sites = [
	getWebsiteFromUsername('sindresorhus'), //=> Promise
	'https://avajs.dev',
	'https://example.invalid',
	'https://github.com'
];

const mapper = async site => {
	try {
		const {requestUrl} = await got.head(site);
		return requestUrl;
	} catch {
		return pMapSkip;
	}
};

const result = await pMap(sites, mapper, {concurrency: 2});

console.log(result);
//=> ['https://sindresorhus.com/', 'https://avajs.dev/', 'https://github.com/']
  • p-all - Run promise-returning & async functions concurrently with optional limited concurrency
  • p-filter - Filter promises concurrently
  • p-times - Run promise-returning & async functions a specific number of times concurrently
  • p-props - Like Promise.all() but for Map and Object
  • p-map-series - Map over promises serially
  • More…

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Last updated on 03 Apr 2024

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