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service-worker-webpack

A Webpack Plugin to generate a Service Worker. Powered by Workbox


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1.0.0

  • service-worker-webpack is now 1.0! This library will now follow semantic versioning.

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service-worker-webpack

A Webpack plugin that generates a Service Worker. Powered by Workbox.

What is this? 🧐

A minimal wrapper around Workbox to quickly add a service worker via your webpack build process.

Compatible with Webpack 4 and Webpack 5.

Installation & Usage 📦

  1. Add this package to your project:

    • npm install --save dev service-worker-webpack or yarn add --dev service-worker-webpack
  2. Update your webpack.config.js:

    const path = require('path');
    + const { ServiceWorkerPlugin } = require("service-worker-webpack");
    
    module.exports = {
      entry: './src/index.js',
      output: {
        filename: 'main.js',
        path: path.resolve(__dirname, 'dist'),
      },
    + plugins: [new ServiceWorkerPlugin()],
    };
    
  3. That's it! A service worker that precaches all of your build's static assets will be generated. Static assets will be served from the service worker's cache instead of making network calls, speeding up your page views and enabling offline viewing 🙌.

Verification 🤔

  1. To view the production service worker, run next build && next start.
  2. The service worker must first install before it intercepts any traffic. You can view the status of the service worker in Chrome by opening the dev console, clicking the Application tab and then clicking the Service Workers tab.
  3. Disable your internet connection and click around your site. Your assets will be served by the service worker. This is most obvious when you are disconnected from the internet, but even when users have an internet connection your assets will be served from the service worker and not from the network -- markedly speeding up these requests.

API Overview 🛠

NameDescriptionType
enableInDevelopment

Enable the service worker in local development.

Depending on your service worker configuration, this can be problematic for developer workflows where you end up serving outdated cached files.

If false then a placeholder service worker will be generated, which will immediately clear any previously installed service workers that may have been installed previously such as testing a production build locally.

Defaults to false. Recommended: false for general development, true for first time setup and when debugging your application's service worker.

boolean | undefined
enableWorkboxLogging

Enable workbox logging.

Workbox logging is both very helpful and very chatty. By default, workbox will use the webpack mode to determine whether or not to enable workbox logging. When the mode is production, then logging is disabled. Otherwise, logging is enabled.

Setting this to true enables workbox logging when the webpack mode is set to production. Setting this to false will disable workbox logging, which is likely preferred when not debugging your servicer worker.

Note: This option is only relevant when using the service worker generated by workbox. It does not apply to the development service worker generated when enableInDevelopment is false, or if you supply your own service worker via workbox's swSrc field.

Defaults to unset, falling back on the workbox behavior. Recommended: false for general development, true for first time setup and when debugging your application's service worker.

boolean | undefined
registration.autoRegister

Autoregister the service worker.

If false, then the application must initialize the service worker by invoking register. Set this to false if you'd like to take control over when you service worker is initialized. You'll then need to add something like the following to your application:

import { Workbox } from "workbox-window";

if ("serviceWorker" in navigator) {
  const wb = new Workbox("/path-to-your-service-worker.js");
  wb.register();
}

Defaults to true. Recommended: true.

boolean | undefined
registration.entry

The webpack entry to inject the auto registration code into. The resulting bundle must be present on all pages that expect to register the service worker.

Defaults to main, the default entry

string | undefined
registration.path

The registration path tells the browser where your service worker is located.

Defaults to /service-worker.js.

string | undefined
registration.scope

The scope of the service worker determines which files the service worker controls, in other words, from which path the service worker will intercept requests. The default scope is the location of the service worker file, and extends to all directories below. So if service-worker.js is located in the root directory, the service worker will control requests from all files at this domain.

Defaults to undefined which sets the default scope as described above. The registration path tells the browser where your service worker is located.

string | undefined
workbox

Options passed to worbox-webpack-plugin. See all available configuration options here.

Defaults to GenerateSW which will generate a service worker with the workbox runtime included.

InjectManifestOptions | GenerateSWOptions

Examples 🚀

Check out the service-worker-webpack-example.

Common Service Worker Pitfalls ⚠️

You must serve your application over HTTPS in production environments. Service Workers must be served from the site's origin over HTTPS.

Some browsers special case localhost, so this may not be necessary during local development. HTTPS is not handled by this library. You can use a reverse proxy like Nginx or Caddy if you want to setup HTTPS for local development.

The service worker origin constraint means that service workers can not control pages on a different subdomain. Eg mysite.com can not be controlled by a service worker if that was served from a subdomain such as mycdn.mysite.com. To learn more about how service workers work in general, read MDN's documentation.

Motivation

Workbox is great -- it's well documented and straightforward to customize your service worker. workbox-webpack-plugin makes caching your webpack assets simple, but I found myself reimplementing the same patterns across projects. Specifically:

  • Wiring up service worker registration boilerplate
  • Toggling service worker development on/off in development

Contributing 👫

PR's and issues welcomed! For more guidance check out CONTRIBUTING.md

Licensing 📃

See the project's MIT License.

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Last updated on 04 Apr 2023

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