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asyncua

Pure Python OPC-UA client and server library

    1.0.6

Maintainers
1

Readme

OPC UA / IEC 62541 Client and Server for Python >= 3.7 and pypy3 . http://freeopcua.github.io/, https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-asyncio

Python package

PyPI Package

opcua-asyncio

opcua-asyncio is an asyncio-based asynchronous OPC UA client and server based on python-opcua, removing support of python < 3.7. Asynchronous programming allows for simpler code (e.g. less need for locks) and can potentially provide performance improvements. This library also provides a synchronous wrapper over the async API, which can be used in synchronous code instead of python-opcua.


The OPC UA binary protocol implementation has undergone extensive testing with various OPC UA stacks. The API offers both a low level interface to send and receive all UA defined structures and high level classes allowing to write a server or a client in a few lines. It is easy to mix high level objects and low level UA calls in one application. Most low level code is autogenerated from xml specification.

The test coverage reported by coverage.py is over 95%, with the majority of the non-tested code being autogenerated code that is not currently in use.

Warnings

opcua-asyncio is open-source and comes with absolutely no warranty. We try to keep it as bug-free as possible, and try to keep the API stable, but bugs and API changes will happen! In particular, API changes are expected to take place prior to any 1.0 release.

Some renaming of methods from get_xx to read_xx and set_xx to write_xxx have been made to better follow OPC UA naming conventions

Version 0.9.9 introduces some argument renaming due to more automatic code generation. Especially the arguments to NodeId, BrowseName, LocalizedText and DataValue, which are now CamelCase instead of lower case, following the OPC UA conventions used in all other structures in this library

Installation

With pip

pip install asyncua

Usage

We assume that you already have some experience with Python, the asyncio module, the async / await syntax and the concept of asyncio Tasks.

Client class

The Client class provides a high level API for connecting to OPC UA servers, session management and access to basic address space services. The client can be used as a context manager. The client will then automatically connect and disconnect withing the withsyntax.

from asyncua import Client

async with Client(url='opc.tcp://localhost:4840/freeopcua/server/') as client:
    while True:
        # Do something with client
        node = client.get_node('i=85')
        value = await node.read_value()

Of course, you can also call the connect, disconnect methods yourself if you do not want to use the context manager.

See the example folder and the code for more information on the client API.

Node class

The Node class provides a high level API for management of nodes as well as data access services.

Subscription class

The Subscription class provides a high level API for management of monitored items.

Server class

The Server class provides a high level API for creation of OPC UA server instances.

Documentation

The documentation is available here ReadTheDocs.

The API remains mostly unchanged with regards to python-opcua. The main difference is that most methods are now asynchronous. Please have a look at the examples and/or the code.

A simple GUI client is available at: https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-client-gui

Browse the examples: https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-asyncio/tree/master/examples

The minimal examples are a good starting point. Minimal client example: https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-asyncio/blob/master/examples/client-minimal.py Minimal server example: https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-asyncio/blob/master/examples/server-minimal.py

A set of command line tools also available: https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-asyncio/tree/master/tools

  • uadiscover (find_servers, get_endpoints and find_servers_on_network calls)
  • uals (list children of a node)
  • uahistoryread
  • uaread (read attribute of a node)
  • uawrite (write attribute of a node)
  • uacall (call method of a node)
  • uasubscribe (subscribe to a node and print datachange events)
  • uaclient (connect to server and start python shell)
  • uaserver (starts a demo OPC UA server) tools/uaserver --populate --certificate cert.pem --private_key pk.pem

How to generate certificate: https://github.com/FreeOpcUa/opcua-asyncio/tree/master/examples/generate_certificate.sh

Client support

What works:

  • connection to server, opening channel, session
  • browsing and reading attributes value
  • getting nodes by path and nodeids
  • creating subscriptions
  • subscribing to items for data change
  • subscribing to events
  • adding nodes
  • method call
  • user and password
  • history read
  • login with certificate
  • communication encryption
  • removing nodes

Tested servers: freeopcua C++, freeopcua Python, prosys, kepware, beckhoff, winCC, B&R, …

Not implemented yet:

  • localized text feature
  • XML protocol
  • UDP (PubSub stuff)
  • WebSocket
  • maybe automatic reconnection...

Server support

What works:

  • creating channel and sessions
  • read/set attributes and browse
  • getting nodes by path and nodeids
  • autogenerate address space from spec
  • adding nodes to address space
  • datachange events
  • events
  • methods
  • basic user implementation (one existing user called admin, which can be disabled, all others are read only)
  • encryption
  • certificate handling
  • removing nodes
  • history support for data change and events
  • more high level solution to create custom structures

Tested clients: freeopcua C++, freeopcua Python, uaexpert, prosys, quickopc

Not yet implemented:

  • UDP (PubSub stuff)
  • WebSocket
  • session restore
  • alarms
  • XML protocol
  • views
  • localized text features
  • better security model with users and password

Running a server on a Raspberry Pi

Setting up the standard address-space from XML is the most time-consuming step of the startup process which may lead to long startup times on less powerful devices like a Raspberry Pi. By passing a path to a cache-file to the server constructor, a shelve holding the address space will be created during the first startup. All following startups will make use of the cache-file which leads to significantly better startup performance (~3.5 vs 125 seconds on a Raspberry Pi Model B).

Development

Code follows PEP8 apart for line lengths which should be max 160 characters and OPC UA structures that keep camel case from XML definition.

All protocol code is under opcua directory

  • asyncua/ua contains all UA structures from specification, most are autogenerated
  • asyncua/common contains high level objects and methods used both in server and client
  • asyncua/client contains client specific code
  • asyncua/server contains server specific code
  • asyncua/utils contains some utilities function and classes
  • asyncua/tools contains code for command lines tools
  • schemas contains the XML and text files from specification and the python scripts used to autogenerate code
  • tests contains tests
  • docs contains files to auto generate documentation from doc strings
  • examples contains many example files
  • examples/sync contains many example files using sync API
  • tools contains python scripts that can be used to run command line tools from repository without installing

Running tests:

python -m pip install -r requirements.txt
python -m pip install -r dev_requirements.txt
pytest -v -s

Or

./run-test.sh -v -s

Coverage

pytest -v -s --cov asyncua --cov-report=html

Or

./run-test.sh -v -s --cov asyncua --cov-report=html

FAQs


Did you know?

Socket installs a GitHub app to automatically flag issues on every pull request and report the health of your dependencies. Find out what is inside your node modules and prevent malicious activity before you update the dependencies.

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