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messenger-api-python

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messenger-api-python

Python wrapper to the various APIs in Facebook Messenger Platform

    2022.4.22

Maintainers
1

Readme

messenger-api-python

PyPI

Python Wrapper to various APIs from Facebook Messenger Platform.

Features

Send API (v12.0)

  • Send text messages
  • Send attachments from a remote file (image, audio, video, file)
  • Send attachments from a local file (image, audio, video, file)
  • Send templates (generic messages)
  • Send quick replies
  • Send buttons

Profile API (v12.0)

  • Set welcome screen
  • Set persistent menu

Attachment Upload API (v12.0)

  • Upload attachments from a remote file (image, audio, video, file)
  • Upload attachments from a local file (image, audio video, file)

Reusable components

Various components used when sending messages in Facebook Messenger are wrapped into Python objects to make them reusable and easy to use.

  • Elements: used to contains various Element objects
  • Element: a card-like component that holds various other components
  • Buttons: used to contains various Button objects
  • Button: button used in various other components, can also be used alone
  • QuickReplies: used to contains various QuickReply objects
  • QuickReply: used when sending messages accompanied with quick replies
  • PersistentMenu: used when setting up persistent menu

Prerequisite

  • Python 3.7+ installed
  • You'll need to setup a Facebook App, Facebook Page, get the Page Access Token and link the App to the Page.

How to install

From GitHub

  • Clone this repository :
git clone https://github.com/krishna2206/messenger-api-python.git
  • Navigate to the cloned repository folder and build the package :
python -m build
  • Navigate to dist folder and install the package, <package_name> may vary so I don't explicitly provide the name here :
pip install <package_name>.whl

From Pypi

Package from Pypi.org may not be the latest one, if you want the latest version of this package, install it from the GitHub repository (see above)

pip install messenger-api-python

Usage

Send API

from messengerapi import SendApi
send_api = SendApi(<page_access_token>)
send_api.send_text_message(<message>, <recipient_id>)

Note: From Facebook regarding User IDs

These ids are page-scoped. These ids differ from those returned from Facebook Login apps which are app-scoped. You must use ids retrieved from a Messenger integration for this page in order to function properly.

If app_secret is initialized, an app_secret_proof will be generated and send with every request. Appsecret Proofs helps further secure your client access tokens. You can find out more on the Facebook Docs

Sending a generic template message:

Generic Template Messages allows you to add cool elements like images, text all in a single bubble.

from messengerapi import SendApi
from messengerapi.components import Elements, Element, Buttons, Button, POSTBACK

send_api = SendApi(<page_access_token>)

elements = Elements()
buttons = Buttons()

button = Button(button_type=POSTBACK, title="My button")
buttons.add_button(button.get_content())
element = Element(title="My element", subtitle="The element's subtitle, image_url=<image_url>, buttons=buttons)
elements.add_element(element.get_content())

send_api.send_generic_message(elements.get_content() , recipient_id , image_aspect_ratio="horizontal")
Sending remote (from URL) image/audio/video/file:
from messengerapi import SendApi

send_api = SendApi(<page_access_token>)

# To send an image
send_api.send_image_attachment(<image_url> , <recipient_id>)
# To send an audio
send_api.send_audio_attachment(<audio_url> , <recipient_id>)
# To send a video
send_api.send_video_attachment(<video_url> , <recipient_id>)
# To send a file
send_api.send_file_attachment(<file_url> , <recipient_id>)
Sending local image/audio/video/file:
from messengerapi import SendApi

send_api = SendApi(<page_access_token>)

# To send an image
send_api.send_local_image(<image_location> , <recipient_id>)
# To send an audio
send_api.send_local_audio(<audio_location> , <recipient_id>)
# To send a video
send_api.send_local_video(<video_location> , <recipient_id>)
# To send a file
send_api.send_local_file(<file_location> , <recipient_id>)

To do

  • Securing requests
  • Unit tests

FAQs


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