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pytest-rerunfailures

pytest plugin to re-run tests to eliminate flaky failures

    14.0

Maintainers
7

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.. contents::

pytest-rerunfailures

pytest-rerunfailures is a plugin for pytest <https://pytest.org>_ that re-runs tests to eliminate intermittent failures.

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/badge/license-MPL%202.0-blue.svg :target: https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/blob/master/LICENSE :alt: License .. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/pytest-rerunfailures.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pytest-rerunfailures/ :alt: PyPI .. image:: https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/workflows/Test/badge.svg :target: https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/actions :alt: GitHub Actions

Requirements

You will need the following prerequisites in order to use pytest-rerunfailures:

  • Python 3.8+ or PyPy3
  • pytest 7.2 or newer

This plugin can recover from a hard crash with the following optional prerequisites:

  • pytest-xdist 2.3.0 or newer

This package is currently tested against the last 5 minor pytest releases. In case you work with an older version of pytest you should consider updating or use one of the earlier versions of this package.

Installation

To install pytest-rerunfailures:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pip install pytest-rerunfailures

Recover from hard crashes

If one or more tests trigger a hard crash (for example: segfault), this plugin will ordinarily be unable to rerun the test. However, if a compatible version of pytest-xdist is installed, and the tests are run within pytest-xdist using the -n flag, this plugin will be able to rerun crashed tests, assuming the workers and controller are on the same LAN (this assumption is valid for almost all cases because most of the time the workers and controller are on the same computer). If this assumption is not the case, then this functionality may not operate.

Re-run all failures

To re-run all test failures, use the --reruns command line option with the maximum number of times you'd like the tests to run:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pytest --reruns 5

Failed fixture or setup_class will also be re-executed.

To add a delay time between re-runs use the --reruns-delay command line option with the amount of seconds that you would like wait before the next test re-run is launched:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pytest --reruns 5 --reruns-delay 1

Re-run all failures matching certain expressions

To re-run only those failures that match a certain list of expressions, use the --only-rerun flag and pass it a regular expression. For example, the following would only rerun those errors that match AssertionError:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pytest --reruns 5 --only-rerun AssertionError

Passing the flag multiple times accumulates the arguments, so the following would only rerun those errors that match AssertionError or ValueError:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pytest --reruns 5 --only-rerun AssertionError --only-rerun ValueError

Re-run all failures other than matching certain expressions

To re-run only those failures that do not match a certain list of expressions, use the --rerun-except flag and pass it a regular expression. For example, the following would only rerun errors other than that match AssertionError:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pytest --reruns 5 --rerun-except AssertionError

Passing the flag multiple times accumulates the arguments, so the following would only rerun those errors that does not match with AssertionError or OSError:

.. code-block:: bash

$ pytest --reruns 5 --rerun-except AssertionError --rerun-except OSError

.. note::

When the AssertionError comes from the use of the assert keyword, use --rerun-except assert instead::

$ pytest --reruns 5 --rerun-except assert

Re-run individual failures

To mark individual tests as flaky, and have them automatically re-run when they fail, add the flaky mark with the maximum number of times you'd like the test to run:

.. code-block:: python

@pytest.mark.flaky(reruns=5) def test_example(): import random assert random.choice([True, False])

Note that when teardown fails, two reports are generated for the case, one for the test case and the other for the teardown error.

You can also specify the re-run delay time in the marker:

.. code-block:: python

@pytest.mark.flaky(reruns=5, reruns_delay=2) def test_example(): import random assert random.choice([True, False])

You can also specify an optional condition in the re-run marker:

.. code-block:: python

@pytest.mark.flaky(reruns=5, condition=sys.platform.startswith("win32")) def test_example(): import random assert random.choice([True, False])

Exception filtering can be accomplished by specifying regular expressions for only_rerun and rerun_except. They override the --only-rerun and --rerun-except command line arguments, respectively.

Arguments can be a single string:

.. code-block:: python

@pytest.mark.flaky(rerun_except="AssertionError") def test_example(): raise AssertionError()

Or a list of strings:

.. code-block:: python

@pytest.mark.flaky(only_rerun=["AssertionError", "ValueError"]) def test_example(): raise AssertionError()

You can use @pytest.mark.flaky(condition) similarly as @pytest.mark.skipif(condition), see pytest-mark-skipif <https://docs.pytest.org/en/6.2.x/reference.html#pytest-mark-skipif>_

.. code-block:: python

@pytest.mark.flaky(reruns=2,condition="sys.platform.startswith('win32')")
def test_example():
    import random
    assert random.choice([True, False])
# totally same as the above
@pytest.mark.flaky(reruns=2,condition=sys.platform.startswith("win32"))
def test_example():
  import random
  assert random.choice([True, False])

Note that the test will re-run for any condition that is truthy.

Output

Here's an example of the output provided by the plugin when run with --reruns 2 and -r aR::

test_report.py RRF

================================== FAILURES ================================== __________________________________ test_fail _________________________________

  def test_fail():
  assert False

E assert False

test_report.py:9: AssertionError ============================ rerun test summary info ========================= RERUN test_report.py::test_fail RERUN test_report.py::test_fail ============================ short test summary info ========================= FAIL test_report.py::test_fail ======================= 1 failed, 2 rerun in 0.02 seconds ====================

Note that output will show all re-runs. Tests that fail on all the re-runs will be marked as failed.

Compatibility

  • This plugin may not be used with class, module, and package level fixtures.
  • This plugin is not compatible with pytest-xdist's --looponfail flag.
  • This plugin is not compatible with the core --pdb flag.
  • This plugin is not compatible with the plugin flaky <https://pypi.org/project/flaky/>_, you can only have pytest-rerunfailures or flaky but not both.

Resources

  • Issue Tracker <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues>_
  • Code <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/>_

Development

  • Test execution count can be retrieved from the execution_count attribute in test item's object. Example:

    .. code-block:: python

    @hookimpl(tryfirst=True) def pytest_runtest_makereport(item, call): print(item.execution_count)

Changelog

14.0 (2024-03-13)

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Fix missing teardown for non-function scoped fixtures when using only_rerun or rerun_except queries. (#234 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/234>) and (#241 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/241>)

Breaking changes ++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for Python 3.7.

  • Drop support for pytest < 7.2.

Features ++++++++

  • Add support for pytest 8.0, 8.1.

13.0 (2023-11-22)

Breaking changes ++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for pytest < 7.0.

Features ++++++++

  • Add support for Python 3.12.

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Fix crashitem names mismatch between client and server. (#172 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/172>_)

  • Fix crash when setup fails with --rerun-except flag. (#230 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/230>_)

12.0 (2023-07-05)

Breaking changes ++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for pytest < 6.2.

Features ++++++++

  • Add only_rerun and rerun_except arguments to @pytest.mark.flaky marker.

  • Add support for pytest 7.3, 7.4.

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Failures are now rerun only if they match at least one --only-rerun pattern (if given) and none of the --rerun-except patterns. Previously, using both --only-rerun and --rerun-except together could cause failures to be rerun even if they did not match any --only-rerun pattern, and when using multiple --rerun-except patterns, all failures would be rerun unless they matched every pattern. (#225 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/225>_)

11.1.2 (2023-03-09)

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Execute teardown when test was skipped in setup phase of a fixture.

11.1.1 (2023-02-17)

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Fix crash during teardown when runtest protocol hook is overwritten by another plugin.

  • Fix crash during teardown when TestCase class is used as base class.

11.1 (2023-02-09)

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Run teardown of session, class, ... scoped fixtures only once after rerunning tests

Features ++++++++

  • Expose reruns and reruns_delay through pytest.ini file.

11.0 (2023-01-12)

Breaking changes ++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for Python 3.6.

  • Drop support for pytest < 6.

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Fix crash when pytest-xdist is installed but disabled. (Thanks to @mgorny <https://github.com/mgorny>_ for the PR.)

  • Fix crash when xfail(strict=True) mark is used with --rerun-only flag.

Features ++++++++

  • Added option --rerun-except to rerun failed tests those are other than the mentioned Error.

  • Add support for Python 3.11.

  • Add support for pytest 7.0, 7.1, 7.2.

10.2 (2021-09-17)

Features ++++++++

  • Allow recovery from crashed tests with pytest-xdist.
  • Add support for Python 3.10 (as of Python 3.10.rc2). (Thanks to @hugovk <https://github.com/hugovk>_ for the PR.)

10.1 (2021-07-02)

Features ++++++++

  • Allows using a str as condition for @pytest.mark.flaky(condition) which gets evaluated dynamically similarly to @pytest.mark.skipif(condition). (#162 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/pull/162>_ provided by @15klli <https://github.com/15klli>_)

10.0 (2021-05-26)

Backwards incompatible changes ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for Python 3.5.

  • Drop support for pytest < 5.3.

Features ++++++++

  • Add condition keyword argument to the re-run marker. (Thanks to @BeyondEvil_ for the PR.)

  • Add support for Python 3.9. (Thanks to @digitronik_ for the PR.)

  • Add support for pytest 6.3. (Thanks to @bluetech_ for the PR.)

  • Add compatibility with pytest-xdist >= 2.0. (Thanks to @bluetech_ for the PR.)

Other changes +++++++++++++

  • Check for the resultlog by feature and not by version as pytest master does not provide a consistent version.

.. _@BeyondEvil: https://github.com/BeyondEvil .. _@digitronik: https://github.com/digitronik .. _@bluetech: https://github.com/bluetech

9.1.1 (2020-09-29)

Compatibility fix. ++++++++++++++++++

  • Ignore --result-log command line option when used together with ``pytest

    = 6.1.0``, as it was removed there. This is a quick fix, use an older version of pytest, if you want to keep this feature for now. (Thanks to @ntessore_ for the PR)

  • Support up to pytest 6.1.0.

.. _@ntessore: https://github.com/ntessore

9.1 (2020-08-26)

Features ++++++++

  • Add a new flag --only-rerun to allow for users to rerun only certain errors.

Other changes +++++++++++++

  • Drop dependency on mock.

  • Add support for pre-commit and add a linting tox target. (#117 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/pull/117>) (PR from @gnikonorov)

.. _@gnikonorov: https://github.com/gnikonorov

9.0 (2020-03-18)

Backwards incompatible changes ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for pytest version 4.4, 4.5 and 4.6.

  • Drop support for Python 2.7.

Features ++++++++

  • Add support for pytest 5.4.

  • Add support for Python 3.8.

8.0 (2019-11-18)

Backwards incompatible changes ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for pytest version 3.10, 4.0, 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3

  • Drop support for Python 3.4.

Features ++++++++

  • Add support for pytest version 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 5.0, 5.1 and 5.2.

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Explicitly depend on setuptools to ensure installation when working in environments without it. (#98 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/pull/98>) (PR from @Eric-Arellano)

.. _@Eric-Arellano: https://github.com/Eric-Arellano

7.0 (2019-03-28)

Backwards incompatible changes ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for pytest version 3.8 and 3.9.

Features ++++++++

  • Add support for pytest version 4.2 and 4.3.

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Fixed #83 issue about ignored pytest_runtest_logfinish hooks. (#83 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/83>) (PR from @KillAChicken)

.. _@KillAChicken: https://github.com/KillAChicken

6.0 (2019-01-08)

Backwards incompatible changes ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

  • Drop support for pytest version 3.6 and 3.7.

Features ++++++++

  • Add support for pytest version 4.0 and 4.1.

Bug fixes +++++++++

  • Fixed #77 regression issue introduced in 4.2 related to the rerun attribute on the test report. (#77 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/77>) (Thanks to @RibeiroAna for the PR).

.. _@RibeiroAna: https://github.com/RibeiroAna

5.0 (2018-11-06)

  • Drop support for pytest versions < 3.6 to reduce the maintenance burden.

  • Add support up to pytest version 3.10. Thus supporting the newest 5 pytest releases.

  • Add support for Python 3.7.

  • Fix issue can occur when used together with pytest-flake8 (#73 <https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest-rerunfailures/issues/73>_)

4.2 (2018-10-04)

  • Fixed #64 issue related to setup_class and fixture executions on rerun (Thanks to @OlegKuzovkov_ for the PR).

  • Added new execution_count attribute to reflect the number of test case executions according to #67 issue. (Thanks to @OlegKuzovkov_ for the PR).

.. _@OlegKuzovkov: https://github.com/OlegKuzovkov

4.1 (2018-05-23)

  • Add support for pytest 3.6 by using Node.get_closest_marker() (Thanks to @The-Compiler_ for the PR).

.. _@The-Compiler: https://github.com/The-Compiler

4.0 (2017-12-23)

  • Added option to add a delay time between test re-runs (Thanks to @Kanguros_ for the PR).

  • Added support for pytest >= 3.3.

  • Drop support for pytest < 2.8.7.

.. _@Kanguros: https://github.com/Kanguros

3.1 (2017-08-29)

  • Restored compatibility with pytest-xdist. (Thanks to @davehunt_ for the PR)

.. _@davehunt: https://github.com/davehunt

3.0 (2017-08-17)

  • Add support for Python 3.6.

  • Add support for pytest 2.9 up to 3.2

  • Drop support for Python 2.6 and 3.3.

  • Drop support for pytest < 2.7.

2.2 (2017-06-23)

  • Ensure that other plugins can run after this one, in case of a global setting --rerun=0. (Thanks to @sublee_ for the PR)

.. _@sublee: https://github.com/sublee

2.1.0 (2016-11-01)

  • Add default value of reruns=1 if pytest.mark.flaky() is called without arguments.

  • Also offer a distribution as universal wheel. (Thanks to @tltx_ for the PR)

.. _@tltx: https://github.com/tltx

2.0.1 (2016-08-10)

  • Prepare CLI options to pytest 3.0, to avoid a deprecation warning.

  • Fix error due to missing CHANGES.rst when creating the source distribution by adding a MANIFEST.in.

2.0.0 (2016-04-06)

  • Drop support for Python 3.2, since supporting it became too much of a hassle. (Reason: Virtualenv 14+ / PIP 8+ do not support Python 3.2 anymore.)

1.0.2 (2016-03-29)

  • Add support for --resultlog option by parsing reruns accordingly. (#28)

1.0.1 (2016-02-02)

  • Improve package description and include CHANGELOG into description.

1.0.0 (2016-02-02)

  • Rewrite to use newer API of pytest >= 2.3.0

  • Improve support for pytest-xdist by only logging the final result. (Logging intermediate results will finish the test rather rerunning it.)

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