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Offers a async require.resolve function. It's highly configurable.

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283 kB

Package description

What is enhanced-resolve?

The enhanced-resolve package is a highly configurable module resolution library for Node.js, which is used by webpack under the hood. It resolves a path to a file or directory in a file system. It can handle complex resolution patterns like module aliases, extensions, and directories with package.json files.

What are enhanced-resolve's main functionalities?

File Resolution

Resolves the path to a file, taking into account file extensions and processing according to the configuration provided.

const { ResolverFactory } = require('enhanced-resolve');

const resolver = ResolverFactory.createResolver({
  fileSystem: require('fs'),
  extensions: ['.js', '.json']

resolver.resolve({}, __dirname, './path/to/file', (err, result) => {
  if (err) console.error(err);
  else console.log(result);

Directory Resolution

Resolves the path to a directory, looking for the 'main' field in the package.json or index.js within that directory.

const { ResolverFactory } = require('enhanced-resolve');

const resolver = ResolverFactory.createResolver({
  fileSystem: require('fs'),
  mainFields: ['main']

resolver.resolve({}, __dirname, './path/to/directory', (err, result) => {
  if (err) console.error(err);
  else console.log(result);

Plugin System

Allows the use of plugins to extend or modify the resolution behavior, providing a high degree of customization.

const { ResolverFactory } = require('enhanced-resolve');
const MyPlugin = require('./MyPlugin');

const resolver = ResolverFactory.createResolver({
  fileSystem: require('fs'),
  plugins: [new MyPlugin()] // Custom plugin to modify resolution behavior

// Use the resolver as before

Other packages similar to enhanced-resolve




npm Build Status codecov Install Size GitHub Discussions

Offers an async require.resolve function. It's highly configurable.


  • plugin system
  • provide a custom filesystem
  • sync and async node.js filesystems included

Getting Started


# npm
npm install enhanced-resolve
# or Yarn
yarn add enhanced-resolve


There is a Node.js API which allows to resolve requests according to the Node.js resolving rules. Sync and async APIs are offered. A create method allows to create a custom resolve function.

const resolve = require("enhanced-resolve");

resolve("/some/path/to/folder", "module/dir", (err, result) => {
	result; // === "/some/path/node_modules/module/dir/index.js"

resolve.sync("/some/path/to/folder", "../../dir");
// === "/some/path/dir/index.js"

const myResolve = resolve.create({
	// or resolve.create.sync
	extensions: [".ts", ".js"]
	// see more options below

myResolve("/some/path/to/folder", "ts-module", (err, result) => {
	result; // === "/some/node_modules/ts-module/index.ts"

Creating a Resolver

The easiest way to create a resolver is to use the createResolver function on ResolveFactory, along with one of the supplied File System implementations.

const fs = require("fs");
const { CachedInputFileSystem, ResolverFactory } = require("enhanced-resolve");

// create a resolver
const myResolver = ResolverFactory.createResolver({
	// Typical usage will consume the `fs` + `CachedInputFileSystem`, which wraps Node.js `fs` to add caching.
	fileSystem: new CachedInputFileSystem(fs, 4000),
	extensions: [".js", ".json"]
	/* any other resolver options here. Options/defaults can be seen below */

// resolve a file with the new resolver
const context = {};
const lookupStartPath = "/Users/webpack/some/root/dir";
const request = "./path/to-look-up.js";
const resolveContext = {};
myResolver.resolve(context, lookupStartPath, request, resolveContext, (
	err /*Error*/,
	filepath /*string*/
) => {
	// Do something with the path
Resolver Options
alias[]A list of module alias configurations or an object which maps key to value
aliasFields[]A list of alias fields in description files
extensionAlias{}An object which maps extension to extension aliases
cachePredicatefunction() { return true };A function which decides whether a request should be cached or not. An object is passed to the function with path and request properties.
cacheWithContexttrueIf unsafe cache is enabled, includes request.context in the cache key
conditionNames[]A list of exports field condition names
descriptionFiles["package.json"]A list of description files to read from
enforceExtensionfalseEnforce that a extension from extensions must be used
exportsFields["exports"]A list of exports fields in description files
extensions[".js", ".json", ".node"]A list of extensions which should be tried for files
fallback[]Same as alias, but only used if default resolving fails
fileSystemThe file system which should be used
fullySpecifiedfalseRequest passed to resolve is already fully specified and extensions or main files are not resolved for it (they are still resolved for internal requests)
mainFields["main"]A list of main fields in description files
mainFiles["index"]A list of main files in directories
modules["node_modules"]A list of directories to resolve modules from, can be absolute path or folder name
plugins[]A list of additional resolve plugins which should be applied
resolverundefinedA prepared Resolver to which the plugins are attached
resolveToContextfalseResolve to a context instead of a file
preferRelativefalsePrefer to resolve module requests as relative request and fallback to resolving as module
preferAbsolutefalsePrefer to resolve server-relative urls as absolute paths before falling back to resolve in roots
restrictions[]A list of resolve restrictions
roots[]A list of root paths
symlinkstrueWhether to resolve symlinks to their symlinked location
unsafeCachefalseUse this cache object to unsafely cache the successful requests


Similar to webpack, the core of enhanced-resolve functionality is implemented as individual plugins that are executed using tapable. These plugins can extend the functionality of the library, adding other ways for files/contexts to be resolved.

A plugin should be a class (or its ES5 equivalent) with an apply method. The apply method will receive a resolver instance, that can be used to hook in to the event system.

Plugin Boilerplate

class MyResolverPlugin {
	constructor(source, target) {
		this.source = source; = target;

	apply(resolver) {
		const target = resolver.ensureHook(;
			.tapAsync("MyResolverPlugin", (request, resolveContext, callback) => {
				// Any logic you need to create a new `request` can go here
				resolver.doResolve(target, request, null, resolveContext, callback);

Plugins are executed in a pipeline, and register which event they should be executed before/after. In the example above, source is the name of the event that starts the pipeline, and target is what event this plugin should fire, which is what continues the execution of the pipeline. For an example of how these different plugin events create a chain, see lib/ResolverFactory.js, in the //// pipeline //// section.


It's allowed to escape # as \0# to avoid parsing it as fragment.

enhanced-resolve will try to resolve requests containing # as path and as fragment, so it will automatically figure out if ./some#thing means .../some.js#thing or .../some#thing.js. When a # is resolved as path it will be escaped in the result. Here: .../some\0#thing.js.


yarn test

Passing options from webpack

If you are using webpack, and you want to pass custom options to enhanced-resolve, the options are passed from the resolve key of your webpack configuration e.g.:

resolve: {
  extensions: ['.js', '.jsx'],
  modules: [path.resolve(__dirname, 'src'), 'node_modules'],
  plugins: [new DirectoryNamedWebpackPlugin()]


Copyright (c) 2012-2019 JS Foundation and other contributors



Last updated on 07 May 2024

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