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resolve

resolve like require.resolve() on behalf of files asynchronously and synchronously

    1.22.8latest
    GitHub
    npm

Version published
Maintainers
1
Weekly downloads
63,178,882
decreased by-14.67%

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Package description

What is resolve?

The resolve npm package is a module for resolving file paths within a project. It is particularly useful for resolving the path of a module as Node.js would, taking into account node_modules folders and the package.json file. It can be used both programmatically and as a command-line tool.

What are resolve's main functionalities?

Asynchronously resolve the path of a module

This feature allows you to asynchronously find the path of a module from a given base directory. The callback receives the resolved path or an error if the module cannot be found.

const resolve = require('resolve');
resolve('module_name', { basedir: '/some/path' }, function (err, res) {
  if (err) console.error(err);
  else console.log(res);
});

Synchronously resolve the path of a module

This feature allows you to synchronously find the path of a module from a given base directory. It either returns the resolved path or throws an error if the module cannot be found.

const resolve = require('resolve');
try {
  const res = resolve.sync('module_name', { basedir: '/some/path' });
  console.log(res);
} catch (err) {
  console.error(err);
}

Resolve a module with custom package filter

This feature allows you to specify a custom filter function to modify the package data before the resolution process. This can be useful for redirecting the main entry point of a package.

const resolve = require('resolve');
const opts = {
  packageFilter: function (pkg) {
    if (pkg.main) {
      pkg.main = 'some-other-file.js';
    }
    return pkg;
  }
};
resolve('module_name', opts, function (err, res) {
  if (err) console.error(err);
  else console.log(res);
});

Command-line interface

The resolve package also provides a command-line interface (CLI) that can be used to resolve the path of a module from the command line.

$ resolve module_name --basedir=/some/path

Other packages similar to resolve

Readme

Source

resolve Version Badge

implements the node require.resolve() algorithm such that you can require.resolve() on behalf of a file asynchronously and synchronously

github actions coverage dependency status dev dependency status License Downloads

npm badge

example

asynchronously resolve:

var resolve = require('resolve/async'); // or, require('resolve')
resolve('tap', { basedir: __dirname }, function (err, res) {
    if (err) console.error(err);
    else console.log(res);
});
$ node example/async.js
/home/substack/projects/node-resolve/node_modules/tap/lib/main.js

synchronously resolve:

var resolve = require('resolve/sync'); // or, `require('resolve').sync
var res = resolve('tap', { basedir: __dirname });
console.log(res);
$ node example/sync.js
/home/substack/projects/node-resolve/node_modules/tap/lib/main.js

methods

var resolve = require('resolve');
var async = require('resolve/async');
var sync = require('resolve/sync');

For both the synchronous and asynchronous methods, errors may have any of the following err.code values:

  • MODULE_NOT_FOUND: the given path string (id) could not be resolved to a module
  • INVALID_BASEDIR: the specified opts.basedir doesn't exist, or is not a directory
  • INVALID_PACKAGE_MAIN: a package.json was encountered with an invalid main property (eg. not a string)

resolve(id, opts={}, cb)

Asynchronously resolve the module path string id into cb(err, res [, pkg]), where pkg (if defined) is the data from package.json.

options are:

  • opts.basedir - directory to begin resolving from

  • opts.package - package.json data applicable to the module being loaded

  • opts.extensions - array of file extensions to search in order

  • opts.includeCoreModules - set to false to exclude node core modules (e.g. fs) from the search

  • opts.readFile - how to read files asynchronously

  • opts.isFile - function to asynchronously test whether a file exists

  • opts.isDirectory - function to asynchronously test whether a file exists and is a directory

  • opts.realpath - function to asynchronously resolve a potential symlink to its real path

  • opts.readPackage(readFile, pkgfile, cb) - function to asynchronously read and parse a package.json file

    • readFile - the passed opts.readFile or fs.readFile if not specified
    • pkgfile - path to package.json
    • cb - callback
  • opts.packageFilter(pkg, pkgfile, dir) - transform the parsed package.json contents before looking at the "main" field

    • pkg - package data
    • pkgfile - path to package.json
    • dir - directory that contains package.json
  • opts.pathFilter(pkg, path, relativePath) - transform a path within a package

    • pkg - package data
    • path - the path being resolved
    • relativePath - the path relative from the package.json location
    • returns - a relative path that will be joined from the package.json location
  • opts.paths - require.paths array to use if nothing is found on the normal node_modules recursive walk (probably don't use this)

    For advanced users, paths can also be a opts.paths(request, start, opts) function

    • request - the import specifier being resolved
    • start - lookup path
    • getNodeModulesDirs - a thunk (no-argument function) that returns the paths using standard node_modules resolution
    • opts - the resolution options
  • opts.packageIterator(request, start, opts) - return the list of candidate paths where the packages sources may be found (probably don't use this)

    • request - the import specifier being resolved
    • start - lookup path
    • getPackageCandidates - a thunk (no-argument function) that returns the paths using standard node_modules resolution
    • opts - the resolution options
  • opts.moduleDirectory - directory (or directories) in which to recursively look for modules. default: "node_modules"

  • opts.preserveSymlinks - if true, doesn't resolve basedir to real path before resolving. This is the way Node resolves dependencies when executed with the --preserve-symlinks flag. Note: this property is currently true by default but it will be changed to false in the next major version because Node's resolution algorithm does not preserve symlinks by default.

default opts values:

{
    paths: [],
    basedir: __dirname,
    extensions: ['.js'],
    includeCoreModules: true,
    readFile: fs.readFile,
    isFile: function isFile(file, cb) {
        fs.stat(file, function (err, stat) {
            if (!err) {
                return cb(null, stat.isFile() || stat.isFIFO());
            }
            if (err.code === 'ENOENT' || err.code === 'ENOTDIR') return cb(null, false);
            return cb(err);
        });
    },
    isDirectory: function isDirectory(dir, cb) {
        fs.stat(dir, function (err, stat) {
            if (!err) {
                return cb(null, stat.isDirectory());
            }
            if (err.code === 'ENOENT' || err.code === 'ENOTDIR') return cb(null, false);
            return cb(err);
        });
    },
    realpath: function realpath(file, cb) {
        var realpath = typeof fs.realpath.native === 'function' ? fs.realpath.native : fs.realpath;
        realpath(file, function (realPathErr, realPath) {
            if (realPathErr && realPathErr.code !== 'ENOENT') cb(realPathErr);
            else cb(null, realPathErr ? file : realPath);
        });
    },
    readPackage: function defaultReadPackage(readFile, pkgfile, cb) {
        readFile(pkgfile, function (readFileErr, body) {
            if (readFileErr) cb(readFileErr);
            else {
                try {
                    var pkg = JSON.parse(body);
                    cb(null, pkg);
                } catch (jsonErr) {
                    cb(null);
                }
            }
        });
    },
    moduleDirectory: 'node_modules',
    preserveSymlinks: true
}

resolve.sync(id, opts)

Synchronously resolve the module path string id, returning the result and throwing an error when id can't be resolved.

options are:

  • opts.basedir - directory to begin resolving from

  • opts.extensions - array of file extensions to search in order

  • opts.includeCoreModules - set to false to exclude node core modules (e.g. fs) from the search

  • opts.readFileSync - how to read files synchronously

  • opts.isFile - function to synchronously test whether a file exists

  • opts.isDirectory - function to synchronously test whether a file exists and is a directory

  • opts.realpathSync - function to synchronously resolve a potential symlink to its real path

  • opts.readPackageSync(readFileSync, pkgfile) - function to synchronously read and parse a package.json file

    • readFileSync - the passed opts.readFileSync or fs.readFileSync if not specified
    • pkgfile - path to package.json
  • opts.packageFilter(pkg, dir) - transform the parsed package.json contents before looking at the "main" field

    • pkg - package data
    • dir - directory that contains package.json (Note: the second argument will change to "pkgfile" in v2)
  • opts.pathFilter(pkg, path, relativePath) - transform a path within a package

    • pkg - package data
    • path - the path being resolved
    • relativePath - the path relative from the package.json location
    • returns - a relative path that will be joined from the package.json location
  • opts.paths - require.paths array to use if nothing is found on the normal node_modules recursive walk (probably don't use this)

    For advanced users, paths can also be a opts.paths(request, start, opts) function

    • request - the import specifier being resolved
    • start - lookup path
    • getNodeModulesDirs - a thunk (no-argument function) that returns the paths using standard node_modules resolution
    • opts - the resolution options
  • opts.packageIterator(request, start, opts) - return the list of candidate paths where the packages sources may be found (probably don't use this)

    • request - the import specifier being resolved
    • start - lookup path
    • getPackageCandidates - a thunk (no-argument function) that returns the paths using standard node_modules resolution
    • opts - the resolution options
  • opts.moduleDirectory - directory (or directories) in which to recursively look for modules. default: "node_modules"

  • opts.preserveSymlinks - if true, doesn't resolve basedir to real path before resolving. This is the way Node resolves dependencies when executed with the --preserve-symlinks flag. Note: this property is currently true by default but it will be changed to false in the next major version because Node's resolution algorithm does not preserve symlinks by default.

default opts values:

{
    paths: [],
    basedir: __dirname,
    extensions: ['.js'],
    includeCoreModules: true,
    readFileSync: fs.readFileSync,
    isFile: function isFile(file) {
        try {
            var stat = fs.statSync(file);
        } catch (e) {
            if (e && (e.code === 'ENOENT' || e.code === 'ENOTDIR')) return false;
            throw e;
        }
        return stat.isFile() || stat.isFIFO();
    },
    isDirectory: function isDirectory(dir) {
        try {
            var stat = fs.statSync(dir);
        } catch (e) {
            if (e && (e.code === 'ENOENT' || e.code === 'ENOTDIR')) return false;
            throw e;
        }
        return stat.isDirectory();
    },
    realpathSync: function realpathSync(file) {
        try {
            var realpath = typeof fs.realpathSync.native === 'function' ? fs.realpathSync.native : fs.realpathSync;
            return realpath(file);
        } catch (realPathErr) {
            if (realPathErr.code !== 'ENOENT') {
                throw realPathErr;
            }
        }
        return file;
    },
    readPackageSync: function defaultReadPackageSync(readFileSync, pkgfile) {
        var body = readFileSync(pkgfile);
        try {
            var pkg = JSON.parse(body);
            return pkg;
        } catch (jsonErr) {}
    },
    moduleDirectory: 'node_modules',
    preserveSymlinks: true
}

install

With npm do:

npm install resolve

license

MIT

Keywords

FAQs

Last updated on 10 Oct 2023

Did you know?

Socket installs a GitHub app to automatically flag issues on every pull request and report the health of your dependencies. Find out what is inside your node modules and prevent malicious activity before you update the dependencies.

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