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Client-side HTML-to-PDF rendering using pure JS

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html2pdf converts any webpage or element into a printable PDF entirely client-side using html2canvas and jsPDF.

Table of contents

Getting started


The simplest way to use html2pdf is to download dist/html2pdf.bundle.min.js to your project folder and include it in your HTML with:

<script src="html2pdf.bundle.min.js"></script>

Note: Click here for more information about using the unbundled version dist/html2canvas.min.js.


Install html2pdf and its dependencies using NPM with npm install --save html2pdf.js (make sure to include .js in the package name).

Note: You can use NPM to create your project, but html2pdf will not run in Node.js, it must be run in a browser.


Install html2pdf and its dependencies using Bower with bower install --save html2pdf.js (make sure to include .js in the package name).


If you're on a webpage that you can't modify directly and wish to use html2pdf to capture a screenshot, you can follow these steps:

  1. Open your browser's console (instructions for different browsers here).
  2. Paste in this code:
    function addScript(url) {
        var script = document.createElement('script');
        script.type = 'application/javascript';
        script.src = url;
  3. You may now execute html2pdf commands directly from the console. To capture a default PDF of the entire page, use html2pdf(document.body).


Once installed, html2pdf is ready to use. The following command will generate a PDF of #element-to-print and prompt the user to save the result:

var element = document.getElementById('element-to-print');

Advanced usage

Every step of html2pdf is configurable, using its new Promise-based API. If html2pdf is called without arguments, it will return a Worker object:

var worker = html2pdf();  // Or:  var worker = new html2pdf.Worker;

This worker has methods that can be chained sequentially, as each Promise resolves, and allows insertion of your own intermediate functions between steps. A prerequisite system allows you to skip over mandatory steps (like canvas creation) without any trouble:

// This will implicitly create the canvas and PDF objects before saving.
var worker = html2pdf().from(element).save();

The basic workflow of html2pdf tasks (enforced by the prereq system) is:

.from() -> .toContainer() -> .toCanvas() -> .toImg() -> .toPdf() -> .save()
Worker API
fromsrc, typeSets the source (HTML string or element) for the PDF. Optional type specifies other sources: 'string', 'element', 'canvas', or 'img'.
totargetConverts the source to the specified target ('container', 'canvas', 'img', or 'pdf'). Each target also has its own toX method that can be called directly: toContainer(), toCanvas(), toImg(), and toPdf().
outputtype, options, srcRoutes to the appropriate outputPdf or outputImg method based on specified src ('pdf' (default) or 'img').
outputPdftype, optionsSends type and options to the jsPDF object's output method, and returns the result as a Promise (use .then to access). See the jsPDF source code for more info.
outputImgtype, optionsReturns the specified data type for the image as a Promise (use .then to access). Supported types: 'img', 'datauristring'/'dataurlstring', and 'datauri'/'dataurl'.
savefilenameSaves the PDF object with the optional filename (creates user download prompt).
setoptSets the specified properties. See Options below for more details.
getkey, cbkReturns the property specified in key, either as a Promise (use .then to access), or by calling cbk if provided.
thenonFulfilled, onRejectedStandard Promise method, with this re-bound to the Worker, and with added progress-tracking (see Progress below). Note that .then returns a Worker, which is a subclass of Promise.
thenCoreonFulFilled, onRejectedStandard Promise method, with this re-bound to the Worker (no progress-tracking). Note that .thenCore returns a Worker, which is a subclass of Promise.
thenExternalonFulfilled, onRejectedTrue Promise method. Using this 'exits' the Worker chain - you will not be able to continue chaining Worker methods after .thenExternal.
catch, catchExternalonRejectedStandard Promise method. catchExternal exits the Worker chain - you will not be able to continue chaining Worker methods after .catchExternal.
errormsgThrows an error in the Worker's Promise chain.

A few aliases are also provided for convenience:



html2pdf can be configured using an optional opt parameter:

var element = document.getElementById('element-to-print');
var opt = {
  margin:       1,
  filename:     'myfile.pdf',
  image:        { type: 'jpeg', quality: 0.98 },
  html2canvas:  { scale: 2 },
  jsPDF:        { unit: 'in', format: 'letter', orientation: 'portrait' }

// New Promise-based usage:

// Old monolithic-style usage:
html2pdf(element, opt);

The opt parameter has the following optional fields:

marginnumber or array0PDF margin (in jsPDF units). Can be a single number, [vMargin, hMargin], or [top, left, bottom, right].
filenamestring'file.pdf'The default filename of the exported PDF.
pagebreakobject{mode: ['css', 'legacy']}Controls the pagebreak behaviour on the page. See Page-breaks below.
imageobject{type: 'jpeg', quality: 0.95}The image type and quality used to generate the PDF. See Image type and quality below.
enableLinksbooleantrueIf enabled, PDF hyperlinks are automatically added ontop of all anchor tags.
html2canvasobject{ }Configuration options sent directly to html2canvas (see here for usage).
jsPDFobject{ }Configuration options sent directly to jsPDF (see here for usage).


html2pdf has the ability to automatically add page-breaks to clean up your document. Page-breaks can be added by CSS styles, set on individual elements using selectors, or avoided from breaking inside all elements (avoid-all mode).

By default, html2pdf will respect most CSS break-before, break-after, and break-inside rules, and also add page-breaks after any element with class html2pdf__page-break (for legacy purposes).

Page-break settings
modestring or array['css', 'legacy']The mode(s) on which to automatically add page-breaks. One or more of 'avoid-all', 'css', and 'legacy'.
beforestring or array[]CSS selectors for which to add page-breaks before each element. Can be a specific element with an ID ('#myID'), all elements of a type (e.g. 'img'), all of a class ('.myClass'), or even '*' to match every element.
afterstring or array[]Like 'before', but adds a page-break immediately after the element.
avoidstring or array[]Like 'before', but avoids page-breaks on these elements. You can enable this feature on every element using the 'avoid-all' mode.
Page-break modes
avoid-allAutomatically adds page-breaks to avoid splitting any elements across pages.
cssAdds page-breaks according to the CSS break-before, break-after, and break-inside properties. Only recognizes always/left/right for before/after, and avoid for inside.
legacyAdds page-breaks after elements with class html2pdf__page-break. This feature may be removed in the future.
Example usage
// Avoid page-breaks on all elements, and add one before #page2el.
  pagebreak: { mode: 'avoid-all', before: '#page2el' }

// Enable all 'modes', with no explicit elements.
  pagebreak: { mode: ['avoid-all', 'css', 'legacy'] }

// No modes, only explicit elements.
  pagebreak: { before: '.beforeClass', after: ['#after1', '#after2'], avoid: 'img' }

Image type and quality

You may customize the image type and quality exported from the canvas by setting the image option. This must be an object with the following fields:

typestring'jpeg'The image type. HTMLCanvasElement only supports 'png', 'jpeg', and 'webp' (on Chrome).
qualitynumber0.95The image quality, from 0 to 1. This setting is only used for jpeg/webp (not png).

These options are limited to the available settings for HTMLCanvasElement.toDataURL(), which ignores quality settings for 'png' images. To enable png image compression, try using the canvas-png-compression shim, which should be an in-place solution to enable png compression via the quality option.

Progress tracking

The Worker object returned by html2pdf() has a built-in progress-tracking mechanism. It will be updated to allow a progress callback that will be called with each update, however it is currently a work-in-progress.


html2pdf depends on the external packages html2canvas, jsPDF, and es6-promise. These dependencies are automatically loaded when using NPM or the bundled package.

If using the unbundled dist/html2pdf.min.js (or its un-minified version), you must also include each dependency. Order is important, otherwise html2canvas will be overridden by jsPDF's own internal implementation:

<script src=""></script>
<script src="jspdf.min.js"></script>
<script src="html2canvas.min.js"></script>
<script src="html2pdf.min.js"></script>



When submitting an issue, please provide reproducible code that highlights the issue, preferably by creating a fork of this template jsFiddle (which has html2pdf already loaded). Remember that html2pdf uses html2canvas and jsPDF as dependencies, so it's a good idea to check each of those repositories' issue trackers to see if your problem has already been addressed.


html2pdf is currently sorely lacking in unit tests. Any contributions or suggestions of automated (or manual) tests are welcome. This is high on the to-do list for this project.

Pull requests

If you want to create a new feature or bugfix, please feel free to fork and submit a pull request! Use the develop branch, which features the latest development, and make changes to /src/ rather than directly to /dist/. You can test your changes by rebuilding with npm run build.


Erik Koopmans


The MIT License

Copyright (c) 2017 Erik Koopmans <>



Last updated on 07 Feb 2019

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