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Utilities for watching file trees.


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watch -- Utilities for watching file trees in node.js


  npm install watch


The intention of this module is provide tools that make managing the watching of file & directory trees easier.

watch.watchTree(root, [options,] callback)

The first argument is the directory root you want to watch.

The options object is passed to fs.watchFile but can also be used to provide two additional watchTree specific options:

  • 'ignoreDotFiles' - When true this option means that when the file tree is walked it will ignore files that being with "."
  • 'filter' - You can use this option to provide a function that returns true or false for each file and directory to decide whether or not that file/directory is included in the watcher.
  • 'interval' - Specifies the interval duration in seconds, the time period between polling for file changes.
  • 'ignoreUnreadableDir' - When true, this options means that when a file can't be read, this file is silently skipped.
  • 'ignoreNotPermitted' - When true, this options means that when a file can't be read due to permission issues, this file is silently skipped.
  • 'ignoreDirectoryPattern' - When a regex pattern is set, e.g. /node_modules/, these directories are silently skipped.

The callback takes 3 arguments. The first is the file that was modified. The second is the current stat object for that file and the third is the previous stat object.

When a file is new the previous stat object is null.

When watchTree is finished walking the tree and adding all the listeners it passes the file hash (keys are the file/directory names and the values are the current stat objects) as the first argument and null as both the previous and current stat object arguments.

  watch.watchTree('/home/mikeal', function (f, curr, prev) {
    if (typeof f == "object" && prev === null && curr === null) {
      // Finished walking the tree
    } else if (prev === null) {
      // f is a new file
    } else if (curr.nlink === 0) {
      // f was removed
    } else {
      // f was changed


Unwatch a previously watched directory root using watch.watchTree.

watch.createMonitor(root, [options,] callback)

This function creates an EventEmitter that gives notifications for different changes that happen to the file and directory tree under the given root argument.

The options object is passed to watch.watchTree.

The callback receives the monitor object.

The monitor object contains a property, files, which is a hash of files and directories as keys with the current stat object as the value.

The monitor has the following events.

  • 'created' - New file has been created. Two arguments, the filename and the stat object.
  • 'removed' - A file has been moved or deleted. Two arguments, the filename and the stat object for the fd.
  • 'changed' - A file has been changed. Three arguments, the filename, the current stat object, and the previous stat object.

The monitor can be stopped using .stop (calls unwatchTree).

  var watch = require('watch')
  watch.createMonitor('/home/mikeal', function (monitor) {
    monitor.files['/home/mikeal/.zshrc'] // Stat object for my zshrc.
    monitor.on("created", function (f, stat) {
      // Handle new files
    monitor.on("changed", function (f, curr, prev) {
      // Handle file changes
    monitor.on("removed", function (f, stat) {
      // Handle removed files
    monitor.stop(); // Stop watching


This module includes a simple command line interface, which you can install with npm install watch -g.

Usage: watch <command> [] [OPTIONS]

        Duration, in seconds, that watching will be disabled
        after running <command>. Setting this option will
        throttle calls to <command> for the specified duration.

        Path to a require-able .js file that exports a filter
        function to be passed to watchTreeOptions.filter.
        Path is resolved relative to process.cwd().

        Specifies the interval duration in seconds, the time period between polling for file changes.

    --ignoreDotFiles, -d
        Ignores dot or hidden files in the watch [directory].

     --ignoreUnreadable, -u
        Silently ignores files that cannot be read within the
        watch [directory].

     --ignoreDirectoryPattern=<regexp>, -p
        Silently skips directories that match the regular

It will watch the given directories (defaults to the current working directory) with watchTree and run the given command every time a file changes.


As stated above the pattern is:

watch <command> [] [OPTIONS]

To run the watch command in the terminal you have to write the following:

watch 'npm run test -s' directory

As the command has to be written in quotation marks Windows users may need to use double quotes rather than single quotes

watch "npm run test -s" directory

Note: Because Windows users may need to use double quotes rather than single quotes they need to escape the them in npm scripts

"scripts": {
    "watch:osx": "watch 'npm run test -s' source"
    "watch:windows": "watch \"npm run test -s\" source",



On the latest clean master:

npm run release:major
npm run release:minor
npm run release:patch



Last updated on 11 Feb 2020

Did you know?

Socket installs a GitHub app to automatically flag issues on every pull request and report the health of your dependencies. Find out what is inside your node modules and prevent malicious activity before you update the dependencies.


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