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Object-Scan

Build Status NPM Downloads Size Test Ratio

Traverse object hierarchies using matching and callbacks.

1. Quickstart

1.1. Install

Using npm:

$ npm i @hishprorg/non-provident-consectetur

In a browser:

<script type="module">
  import objectScan from 'https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@hishprorg/non-provident-consectetur@<VERSION>/lib/index.min.js';
  // do logic here
</script>

1.2. Usage

import objectScan from '@hishprorg/non-provident-consectetur';

const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' } } };
objectScan(['a.*.f'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.e.f' ]

2. Table of Content

Quickstart    Install
   Usage
  Table of Content
  Features
Matching    Array
   Object
   Wildcard
   Regex
   Or Clause
   Arbitrary Depth
   Nested Path Recursion
   Exclusion
   Escaping
   Array Needles
Options    filterFn
   breakFn
   beforeFn
   afterFn
   compareFn
   reverse
   orderByNeedles
   abort
   rtn
   joined
   useArraySelector
   strict
  Competitors
Examples    Real World Uses
   Other Examples
Notes    Traversal Order
   Empty String
   Array String Keys
   Sparse Arrays
   Internals

3. Features

4. Matching

A needle expression specifies one or more paths to an element (or a set of elements) in a JSON structure. Paths use the dot notation.

store.book[0].title

The matching syntax is fully validated and bad input will throw a syntax error. The following syntax is supported:

4.1. Array

Rectangular brackets for array path matching.

Examples:

['[2]'] (exact in array)
const haystack = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4];
objectScan(['[2]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[2]' ]
['[1]'] (no match in object)
const haystack = { 0: 'a', 1: 'b', 2: 'c' };
objectScan(['[1]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => []

4.2. Object

Property name for object property matching.

Examples:

['foo'] (exact in object)
const haystack = { foo: 0, bar: 1 };
objectScan(['foo'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'foo' ]
['1'] (no match in array)
const haystack = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4];
objectScan(['1'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => []

4.3. Wildcard

The following characters have special meaning when not escaped:

  • *: Match zero or more character
  • +: Match one or more character
  • ?: Match exactly one character
  • \: Escape the subsequent character

Can be used with Array and Object selector.

Examples:

['foo*'] (starting with `foo`)
const haystack = { foo: 0, foobar: 1, bar: 2 };
objectScan(['foo*'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'foobar', 'foo' ]
['*'] (top level)
const haystack = { a: { b: 0, c: 1 }, d: 2 };
objectScan(['*'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'd', 'a' ]
['[?5]'] (two digit ending in five)
const haystack = [...Array(30).keys()];
objectScan(['[?5]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[25]', '[15]' ]
['a.+.c'] (nested)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0 }, d: { f: 0 } } };
objectScan(['a.+.c'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.b.c' ]
['a.\\+.c'] (escaped)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0 }, '+': { c: 0 } } };
objectScan(['a.\\+.c'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.\\+.c' ]

4.4. Regex

Regex are defined by using parentheses.

Can be used with Array and Object selector.

Examples:

['(^foo)'] (starting with `foo`)
const haystack = { foo: 0, foobar: 1, bar: 2 };
objectScan(['(^foo)'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'foobar', 'foo' ]
['[(5)]'] (containing `5`)
const haystack = [...Array(20).keys()];
objectScan(['[(5)]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[15]', '[5]' ]
['[(^[01]$)]'] (`[0]` and `[1]`)
const haystack = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];
objectScan(['[(^[01]$)]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[1]', '[0]' ]
['[(^[^01]$)]'] (other than `[0]` and `[1]`)
const haystack = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];
objectScan(['[(^[^01]$)]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[3]', '[2]' ]

4.5. Or Clause

Or Clauses are defined by using curley brackets.

Can be used with Array and Object selector and Arbitrary Depth matching.

Examples:

['[{0,1}]'] (`[0]` and `[1]`)
const haystack = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];
objectScan(['[{0,1}]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[1]', '[0]' ]
['{a,d}.{b,f}'] (`a.b`, `a.f`, `d.b` and `d.f`)
const haystack = { a: { b: 0, c: 1 }, d: { e: 2, f: 3 } };
objectScan(['{a,d}.{b,f}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'd.f', 'a.b' ]

4.6. Arbitrary Depth

There are two types of arbitrary depth matching:

  • **: Matches zero or more nestings
  • ++: Matches one or more nestings

Can be combined with Regex and Or Clause by prepending.

Examples:

['a.**'] (zero or more nestings under `a`)
const haystack = { a: { b: 0, c: 0 } };
objectScan(['a.**'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.c', 'a.b', 'a' ]
['a.++'] (one or more nestings under `a`)
const haystack = { a: { b: 0, c: 0 } };
objectScan(['a.++'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.c', 'a.b' ]
['**(1)'] (all containing `1` at every level)
const haystack = { 1: { 1: ['c', 'd'] }, 510: 'e', foo: { 1: 'f' } };
objectScan(['**(1)'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '510', '1.1[1]', '1.1', '1' ]

4.7. Nested Path Recursion

To match a nested path recursively, combine Arbitrary Depth matching with an Or Clause.

There are two types of nested path matching:

  • **{...}: Matches path(s) in Or Clause zero or more times
  • ++{...}: Matches path(s) in Or Clause one or more times

Examples:

['++{[0][1]}'] (`cyclic path`)
const haystack = [[[[0, 1], [1, 2]], [[3, 4], [5, 6]]], [[[7, 8], [9, 10]], [[11, 12], [13, 14]]]];
objectScan(['++{[0][1]}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[0][1][0][1]', '[0][1]' ]
['++{[0],[1]}'] (`nested or`)
const haystack = [[0, 1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8]];
objectScan(['++{[0],[1]}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[1][1]', '[1][0]', '[1]', '[0][1]', '[0][0]', '[0]' ]
['**{[*]}'] (`traverse only array`)
const haystack = [[[{ a: [1] }], [2]]];
objectScan(['**{[*]}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[0][1][0]', '[0][1]', '[0][0][0]', '[0][0]', '[0]' ]
['**{*}'] (`traverse only object`)
const haystack = { a: [0, { b: 1 }], c: { d: 2 } };
objectScan(['**{*}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'c.d', 'c', 'a' ]
['a.**{b.c}'] (`zero or more times`)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: { b: { c: 0 } } } } };
objectScan(['a.**{b.c}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.b.c.b.c', 'a.b.c', 'a' ]
['a.++{b.c}'] (`one or more times`)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: { b: { c: 0 } } } } };
objectScan(['a.++{b.c}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.b.c.b.c', 'a.b.c' ]

4.8. Exclusion

To exclude a path, use exclamation mark.

Examples:

['{a,b},!a'] (only `b`)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1 };
objectScan(['{a,b},!a'], {
  joined: true,
  strict: false
})(haystack);
// => [ 'b' ]
['**,!**.a'] (all except ending in `a`)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: { a: 1, c: 2 } };
objectScan(['**,!**.a'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'b.c', 'b' ]
['[*]', '[!(^[01]$)]'] (exclude with regex)
const haystack = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];
objectScan(['[*]', '[!(^[01]$)]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[3]', '[2]' ]

4.9. Escaping

The following characters are considered special and need to be escaped using \, if they should be matched in a key:
[, ], {, }, (, ), ,, ., !, ?, *, + and \.

Examples:

['\\[1\\]'] (special object key)
const haystack = { '[1]': 0 };
objectScan(['\\[1\\]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '\\[1\\]' ]

4.10. Array Needles

Needles can be passed as arrays, consisting of integers and strings.

When given as arrays, then needles:

  • match array keys with integers and object keys with strings
  • do not support any other matching syntax
  • do not require escaping
  • parse faster than regular string needles

This syntax allows for key result of @hishprorg/non-provident-consectetur to be passed back into itself.

Be advised that matchedBy and similar contain the original needles and not copies.

Array needles work similarly to how they work in _.get.

Examples:

[['a', 0, 'b']] (mixed path)
const haystack = { a: [{ b: 0 }] };
objectScan([['a', 0, 'b']], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a[0].b' ]
[['a.b', 0]] (implicit escape)
const haystack = { 'a.b': [0], a: { b: [1] } };
objectScan([['a.b', 0]], {
  joined: true,
  rtn: 'value'
})(haystack);
// => [ 0 ]
[['a', 0, 'b'], ['a', 1, 'b'], 'a[*].b'] (mixed needles)
const haystack = { a: [{ b: 0 }, { b: 0 }] };
objectScan([['a', 0, 'b'], ['a', 1, 'b'], 'a[*].b'], {
  joined: true,
  rtn: 'matchedBy'
})(haystack);
// => [ [ [ 'a', 1, 'b' ], 'a[*].b' ], [ [ 'a', 0, 'b' ], 'a[*].b' ] ]
[['a', 'b']] (useArraySelector=false)
const haystack = { a: [{ b: 0 }, { b: 0 }] };
objectScan([['a', 'b']], {
  joined: true,
  useArraySelector: false
})(haystack);
// => [ 'a[1].b', 'a[0].b' ]

5. Options

Signature of all callbacks is

Fn({ key, value, ... })

where:

  • key: key that callback is invoked for (respects joined option).
  • value: value for key.
  • entry: entry consisting of [key, value].
  • property: current parent property.
  • gproperty: current grandparent property.
  • parent: current parent.
  • gparent: current grandparent.
  • parents: array of form [parent, grandparent, ...].
  • isMatch: true iff last targeting needle exists and is non-excluding.
  • matchedBy: all non-excluding needles targeting key.
  • excludedBy: all excluding needles targeting key.
  • traversedBy: all needles involved in traversing key.
  • isCircular: true iff value contained in parents
  • isLeaf: true iff value can not be traversed
  • depth: length of key
  • result: intermittent result as defined by rtn
  • getKey(joined?: boolean): function that returns key
  • getValue: function that returns value
  • getEntry(joined?: boolean): function that returns entry
  • getProperty: function that returns property
  • getGproperty: function that returns gproperty
  • getParent: function that returns parent
  • getGparent: function that returns gparent
  • getParents: function that returns parents
  • getIsMatch: function that returns isMatch
  • getMatchedBy: function that returns matchedBy
  • getExcludedBy: function that returns excludedBy
  • getTraversedBy: function that returns traversedBy
  • getIsCircular: function that returns isCircular
  • getIsLeaf: function that returns isLeaf
  • getDepth: function that returns depth
  • getResult: function that returns result
  • context: as passed into the search

Notes on Performance

  • Arguments backed by getters use Functions Getter and should be accessed via destructuring to prevent redundant computation.
  • Getters should be used to improve performance for conditional access. E.g. if (isMatch) { getParents() ... }.
  • For performance reasons, the same object is passed to all callbacks.

Search Context

  • A context can be passed into a search invocation as a second parameter. It is available in all callbacks and can be used to manage state across a search invocation without having to recompile the search.
  • By default, all matched keys are returned from a search invocation. However, when it is not undefined, the context is returned instead.

Examples:

['**.{c,d,e}'] (search context)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 2, d: 11 }, e: 7 } };
objectScan(['**.{c,d,e}'], {
  joined: true,
  filterFn: ({ value, context }) => { context.sum += value; }
})(haystack, { sum: 0 });
// => { sum: 20 }

5.1. filterFn

Type: function
Default: undefined

When defined, this callback is invoked for every match. If false is returned, the current key is excluded from the result.

The return value of this callback has no effect when a search context is provided.

Can be used to do processing as matching keys are traversed.

Invoked in same order as matches would appear in result.

For more information on invocation order, please refer to Section Traversal Order.

This method is conceptually similar to Array.filter().

Examples:

['**'] (filter function)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 'bar' };
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  filterFn: ({ value }) => typeof value === 'string'
})(haystack);
// => [ 'b' ]

5.2. breakFn

Type: function
Default: undefined

When defined, this callback is invoked for every key that is traversed by the search. If true is returned, all keys nested under the current key are skipped in the search and from the final result.

Note that breakFn is invoked before the corresponding filterFn might be invoked.

For more information on invocation order, please refer to Section Traversal Order.

Examples:

['**'] (break function)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0 } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  breakFn: ({ key }) => key === 'a.b'
})(haystack);
// => [ 'a.b', 'a' ]

5.3. beforeFn

Type: function
Default: undefined

When defined, this function is called before traversal as beforeFn(state = { haystack, context }).

If a value other than undefined is returned from beforeFn, that value is written to state.haystack before traversal.

The content of state can be modified in the function. After beforeFn has executed, the traversal happens using state.haystack and state.context.

The content in state can be accessed in afterFn. Note however that the key result is being overwritten.

Examples:

['**'] (combining haystack and context)
const haystack = { a: 0 };
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  beforeFn: ({ haystack: h, context: c }) => [h, c],
  rtn: 'key'
})(haystack, { b: 0 });
// => [ '[1].b', '[1]', '[0].a', '[0]' ]
['**'] (pre-processing haystack)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1 };
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  beforeFn: ({ haystack: h }) => Object.keys(h),
  rtn: ['key', 'value']
})(haystack);
// => [ [ '[1]', 'b' ], [ '[0]', 'a' ] ]

5.4. afterFn

Type: function
Default: undefined

When defined, this function is called after traversal as afterFn(state = { result, haystack, context }).

Additional information written to state in beforeFn is available in afterFn.

The content of state can be modified in the function. In particular the key state.result can be updated.

If a value other than undefined is returned from afterFn, that value is written to state.result.

After beforeFn has executed, the key state.result is returned as the final result.

Examples:

['**'] (returning count plus context)
const haystack = { a: 0 };
objectScan(['**'], {
  afterFn: ({ result, context }) => result + context,
  rtn: 'count'
})(haystack, 5);
// => 6
['**'] (post-processing result)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 3, c: 4 };
objectScan(['**'], {
  afterFn: ({ result }) => result.filter((v) => v > 3),
  rtn: 'value'
})(haystack);
// => [ 4 ]
['**'] (pass data from beforeFn to afterFn)
const haystack = {};
objectScan(['**'], {
  beforeFn: (state) => { /* eslint-disable no-param-reassign */ state.custom = 7; },
  afterFn: (state) => state.custom
})(haystack);
// => 7

5.5. compareFn

Type: function
Default: undefined

This function has the same signature as the callback functions. When defined it is expected to return a function or undefined.

The returned value is used as a comparator to determine the traversal order of any object keys.

This works together with the reverse option.

Please refer to Section Traversal Order for more information.

Examples:

['**'] (simple sort)
const haystack = { a: 0, c: 1, b: 2 };
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  compareFn: () => (k1, k2) => k1.localeCompare(k2),
  reverse: false
})(haystack);
// => [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]

5.6. reverse

Type: boolean
Default: true

When set to true, the traversal is performed in reverse order. This means breakFn is executed in reverse post-order and filterFn in reverse pre-order. Otherwise breakFn is executed in pre-order and filterFn in post-order.

When reverse is true the traversal is delete-safe. I.e. property can be deleted / spliced from parent object / array in filterFn.

Please refer to Section Traversal Order for more information.

Examples:

['**'] (breakFn, reverse true)
const haystack = { f: { b: { a: {}, d: { c: {}, e: {} } }, g: { i: { h: {} } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  breakFn: ({ isMatch, property, context }) => { if (isMatch) { context.push(property); } },
  reverse: true
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'f', 'g', 'i', 'h', 'b', 'd', 'e', 'c', 'a' ]
['**'] (filterFn, reverse true)
const haystack = { f: { b: { a: {}, d: { c: {}, e: {} } }, g: { i: { h: {} } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ property, context }) => { context.push(property); },
  reverse: true
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'h', 'i', 'g', 'e', 'c', 'd', 'a', 'b', 'f' ]
['**'] (breakFn, reverse false)
const haystack = { f: { b: { a: {}, d: { c: {}, e: {} } }, g: { i: { h: {} } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  breakFn: ({ isMatch, property, context }) => { if (isMatch) { context.push(property); } },
  reverse: false
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'f', 'b', 'a', 'd', 'c', 'e', 'g', 'i', 'h' ]
['**'] (filterFn, reverse false)
const haystack = { f: { b: { a: {}, d: { c: {}, e: {} } }, g: { i: { h: {} } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ property, context }) => { context.push(property); },
  reverse: false
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'a', 'c', 'e', 'd', 'b', 'h', 'i', 'g', 'f' ]

5.7. orderByNeedles

Type: boolean
Default: false

When set to false, all targeted keys are traversed and matched in the order determined by the compareFn and reverse option.

When set to true, all targeted keys are traversed and matched in the order determined by the corresponding needles, falling back to the above ordering.

Note that this option is constraint by the depth-first search approach.

Examples:

['c', 'a', 'b'] (order by needle)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1, c: 1 };
objectScan(['c', 'a', 'b'], {
  joined: true,
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack);
// => [ 'c', 'a', 'b' ]
['b', '*'] (fallback reverse)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1, c: 1 };
objectScan(['b', '*'], {
  joined: true,
  reverse: true,
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack);
// => [ 'b', 'c', 'a' ]
['b', '*'] (fallback not reverse)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1, c: 1 };
objectScan(['b', '*'], {
  joined: true,
  reverse: false,
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack);
// => [ 'b', 'a', 'c' ]
['a', 'b.c', 'd'] (nested match)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: { c: 1 }, d: 2 };
objectScan(['a', 'b.c', 'd'], {
  joined: true,
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack);
// => [ 'a', 'b.c', 'd' ]
['b', 'a', 'b.c', 'd'] (matches traverse first)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: { c: 1 }, d: 2 };
objectScan(['b', 'a', 'b.c', 'd'], {
  joined: true,
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack);
// => [ 'b.c', 'b', 'a', 'd' ]

5.8. abort

Type: boolean
Default: false

When set to true the traversal immediately returns after the first match.

Examples:

['a', 'b'] (only return first property)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1 };
objectScan(['a', 'b'], {
  rtn: 'property',
  abort: true
})(haystack);
// => 'b'
['[0]', '[1]'] (abort changes count)
const haystack = ['a', 'b'];
objectScan(['[0]', '[1]'], {
  rtn: 'count',
  abort: true
})(haystack);
// => 1

5.9. rtn

Type: string or array or function
Default: dynamic

Defaults to key when search context is undefined and to context otherwise.

Can be explicitly set as a string:

  • context: search context is returned
  • key: as passed into filterFn
  • value: as passed into filterFn
  • entry: as passed into filterFn
  • property: as passed into filterFn
  • gproperty: as passed into filterFn
  • parent: as passed into filterFn
  • gparent: as passed into filterFn
  • parents: as passed into filterFn
  • isMatch: as passed into filterFn
  • matchedBy: as passed into filterFn
  • excludedBy: as passed into filterFn
  • traversedBy: as passed into filterFn
  • isCircular: as passed into filterFn
  • isLeaf: as passed into filterFn
  • depth: as passed into filterFn
  • bool: returns true iff a match is found
  • count: returns the match count
  • sum: returns the match sum

When set to array, can contain any of the above except context, bool, count and sum.

When set to function, called with callback signature for every match. Returned value is added to the result.

When abort is set to true and rtn is not context, bool, count or sum, the first entry of the result or undefined is returned.

Examples:

['[*]'] (return values)
const haystack = ['a', 'b', 'c'];
objectScan(['[*]'], { rtn: 'value' })(haystack);
// => [ 'c', 'b', 'a' ]
['foo[*]'] (return entries)
const haystack = { foo: ['bar'] };
objectScan(['foo[*]'], { rtn: 'entry' })(haystack);
// => [ [ [ 'foo', 0 ], 'bar' ] ]
['a.b.c', 'a'] (return properties)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0 } } };
objectScan(['a.b.c', 'a'], { rtn: 'property' })(haystack);
// => [ 'c', 'a' ]
['a.b', 'a.c'] (checks for any match, full traversal)
const haystack = { a: { b: 0, c: 1 } };
objectScan(['a.b', 'a.c'], { rtn: 'bool' })(haystack);
// => true
['**'] (return not provided context)
const haystack = { a: 0 };
objectScan(['**'], { rtn: 'context' })(haystack);
// => undefined
['a.b.{c,d}'] (return keys with context passed)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0, d: 1 } } };
objectScan(['a.b.{c,d}'], { rtn: 'key' })(haystack, []);
// => [ [ 'a', 'b', 'd' ], [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ] ]
['a.b.{c,d}'] (return custom array)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0, d: 1 } } };
objectScan(['a.b.{c,d}'], { rtn: ['property', 'value'] })(haystack, []);
// => [ [ 'd', 1 ], [ 'c', 0 ] ]
['**'] (return value plus one)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0, d: 1 } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ isLeaf }) => isLeaf,
  rtn: ({ value }) => value + 1
})(haystack);
// => [ 2, 1 ]
['**'] (return sum)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: -2, d: 1 }, e: [3, 7] } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ value }) => typeof value === 'number',
  rtn: 'sum'
})(haystack);
// => 9

5.10. joined

Type: boolean
Default: false

Keys are returned as a string when set to true instead of as a list.

Setting this option to true will negatively impact performance.

This setting can be overwritten by using the getter method getKey() or getEntry().

Note that _.get and _.set fully support lists.

Examples:

['[*]', '[*].foo'] (joined)
const haystack = [0, 1, { foo: 'bar' }];
objectScan(['[*]', '[*].foo'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '[2].foo', '[2]', '[1]', '[0]' ]
['[*]', '[*].foo'] (not joined)
const haystack = [0, 1, { foo: 'bar' }];
objectScan(['[*]', '[*].foo'])(haystack);
// => [ [ 2, 'foo' ], [ 2 ], [ 1 ], [ 0 ] ]
['**.c'] (joined, getKey)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0 } } };
objectScan(['**.c'], {
  joined: true,
  rtn: ({ getKey }) => [getKey(true), getKey(false), getKey()]
})(haystack);
// => [ [ 'a.b.c', [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ], 'a.b.c' ] ]
['**.c'] (not joined, getEntry)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 0 } } };
objectScan(['**.c'], { rtn: ({ getEntry }) => [getEntry(true), getEntry(false), getEntry()] })(haystack);
// => [ [ [ 'a.b.c', 0 ], [ [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ], 0 ], [ [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ], 0 ] ] ]

5.11. useArraySelector

Type: boolean
Default: true

When set to false, no array selectors should be used in any needles and arrays are automatically traversed.

Note that the results still include the array selectors.

Examples:

['a', 'b.d'] (automatic array traversal)
const haystack = [{ a: 0 }, { b: [{ c: 1 }, { d: 2 }] }];
objectScan(['a', 'b.d'], {
  joined: true,
  useArraySelector: false
})(haystack);
// => [ '[1].b[1].d', '[0].a' ]
[''] (top level array matching)
const haystack = [{ a: 0 }, { b: 1 }];
objectScan([''], {
  joined: true,
  useArraySelector: false
})(haystack);
// => [ '[1]', '[0]' ]

5.12. strict

Type: boolean
Default: true

When set to true, errors are thrown when:

  • a path is identical to a previous path
  • a path invalidates a previous path
  • a path contains consecutive recursions

Examples:

['a.b', 'a.b'] (identical)
const haystack = [];
objectScan(['a.b', 'a.b'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => 'Error: Redundant Needle Target: "a.b" vs "a.b"'
['a.{b,b}'] (identical, same needle)
const haystack = [];
objectScan(['a.{b,b}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => 'Error: Redundant Needle Target: "a.{b,b}" vs "a.{b,b}"'
['a.b', 'a.**'] (invalidates previous)
const haystack = [];
objectScan(['a.b', 'a.**'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => 'Error: Needle Target Invalidated: "a.b" by "a.**"'
['**.!**'] (consecutive recursion)
const haystack = [];
objectScan(['**.!**'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => 'Error: Redundant Recursion: "**.!**"'

6. Competitors

This library has a similar syntax and can perform similar tasks to jsonpath or jmespath. But instead of querying an object hierarchy, it focuses on traversing it. Hence, it is designed around handling multiple paths in a single traversal. No other library doing this is currently available.

While nimma provides the ability to traverse multiple paths, it doesn't do it in a single traversal.

A one-to-one comparison with other libraries is difficult due to difference in functionality, but it can be said that @hishprorg/non-provident-consectetur is more versatile at similar performance.

objectScan (compiled)objectScannimma (compiled)nimmajsonpath-plusjsonpathjmespath
Get Key-
Get Value
Conditional Path [1] [1]
Recursive Traversal [2] [2] [3] [3] [4] [4]- [5]
Partial Traversal-
Callback with Context [6] [6] [7] [7] [7]--
Regex--
Multiple Paths [8] [8]- [9]- [9]-
Get Parent----
Wildcard-----
Exclusion-----
Path Recursion-----
Auto Traverse-----
Break Circular-----

[1]: Only in code logic
[2]: Depth-first traversal. See here for details
[3]: Depth-first traversal in in Pre-order
[4]: Custom depth-first traversal
[5]: Reference
[6]: Documentation
[7]: Usefulness limited since context is lacking information
[8]: Path deduplication has to be done in custom code
[9]: Reference

7. Examples

7.1. Real World Uses

Noteworthy dependents are:

  • object-fields: Showcases how to retain only certain nested keys from object
  • object-lib: Good example of more advanced use cases
  • object-rewrite: The original reason for creating this library

Many other examples can be found on Stack Overflow.

7.2. Other Examples

More extensive examples can be found in the tests.

['a.*.f'] (nested)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['a.*.f'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.e.f' ]
['*.*.*'] (multiple nested)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['*.*.*'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.e.f', 'a.b.c' ]
['a.*.{c,f}'] (or filter)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['a.*.{c,f}'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.e.f', 'a.b.c' ]
['a.*.{c,f}'] (or filter, not joined)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['a.*.{c,f}'])(haystack);
// => [ [ 'a', 'e', 'f' ], [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ] ]
['*.*[*]'] (list filter)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['*.*[*]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.h[1]', 'a.h[0]' ]
['*[*]'] (list filter, unmatched)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['*[*]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => []
['**'] (star recursion)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['**'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'k', 'a.h[1]', 'a.h[0]', 'a.h', 'a.e.f', 'a.e', 'a.b.c', 'a.b', 'a' ]
['++.++'] (plus recursion)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['++.++'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.h[1]', 'a.h[0]', 'a.h', 'a.e.f', 'a.e', 'a.b.c', 'a.b' ]
['**.f'] (star recursion ending in f)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['**.f'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.e.f' ]
['**[*]'] (star recursion ending in array)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['**[*]'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.h[1]', 'a.h[0]' ]
['a.*,!a.e'] (exclusion filter)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['a.*,!a.e'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.h', 'a.b' ]
['**.(^[bc]$)'] (regex matching)
const haystack = { a: { b: { c: 'd' }, e: { f: 'g' }, h: ['i', 'j'] }, k: 'l' };
objectScan(['**.(^[bc]$)'], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ 'a.b.c', 'a.b' ]

8. Notes

8.1. Traversal Order

The traversal order is always depth first. However, the order the nodes are traversed in can be changed.

['**'] (Reverse Pre-order)
const haystack = { F: { B: { A: 0, D: { C: 1, E: 2 } }, G: { I: { H: 3 } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); }
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'H', 'I', 'G', 'E', 'C', 'D', 'A', 'B', 'F' ]
['**'] (Reverse Post-order)
const haystack = { F: { B: { A: 0, D: { C: 1, E: 2 } }, G: { I: { H: 3 } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  breakFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); }
})(haystack, []);
// => [ undefined, 'F', 'G', 'I', 'H', 'B', 'D', 'E', 'C', 'A' ]
['**'] (Post-order)
const haystack = { F: { B: { A: 0, D: { C: 1, E: 2 } }, G: { I: { H: 3 } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); },
  reverse: false
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'A', 'C', 'E', 'D', 'B', 'H', 'I', 'G', 'F' ]
['**'] (Pre-order)
const haystack = { F: { B: { A: 0, D: { C: 1, E: 2 } }, G: { I: { H: 3 } } } };
objectScan(['**'], {
  breakFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); },
  reverse: false
})(haystack, []);
// => [ undefined, 'F', 'B', 'A', 'D', 'C', 'E', 'G', 'I', 'H' ]

Note that the default traversal order is delete-safe. This means that elements from Arrays can be deleted without impacting the traversal.

['**'] (Deleting from Array)
const haystack = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ parent, property }) => { parent.splice(property, property % 2); },
  afterFn: ({ haystack: h }) => h
})(haystack);
// => [ 0, 2, 4 ]

This is not true when the reverse option is set to false

['**'] (Deleting from Array Unexpected)
const haystack = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ parent, property }) => { parent.splice(property, property % 2); },
  afterFn: ({ haystack: h }) => h,
  reverse: false
})(haystack);
// => [ 0, 2, 3, 5 ]

By default, the traversal order depends on the haystack input order and the reverse option for the direction. However, this input order can be altered by using compareFn and orderByNeedles.

['c', 'b', 'a'] (orderByNeedles)
const haystack = { b: 0, a: 1, c: 2 };
objectScan(['c', 'b', 'a'], {
  filterFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); },
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'c', 'b', 'a' ]
['**'] (compareFn)
const haystack = { b: 0, a: 1, c: 2 };
objectScan(['**'], {
  filterFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); },
  compareFn: () => (a, b) => b.localeCompare(a)
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]

Note that compareFn does not work on Arrays.

Both options can be combined, in which case orderByNeedles supersedes compareFn

['c', '*'] (orderByNeedles and compareFn)
const haystack = { a: 0, b: 1, c: 2 };
objectScan(['c', '*'], {
  filterFn: ({ context, property }) => { context.push(property); },
  compareFn: () => (a, b) => b.localeCompare(a),
  orderByNeedles: true
})(haystack, []);
// => [ 'c', 'a', 'b' ]

8.2. Empty String

Top level object(s) are matched by the empty needle '' or empty array []. This is useful for matching objects nested in arrays by setting useArraySelector to false. To match the actual empty string as a key, use (^$).

Note that an empty string or empty array does not work to match top level objects with _.get or _.set.

Examples:

[''] (match top level objects in array)
const haystack = [{}, {}];
objectScan([''], {
  joined: true,
  useArraySelector: false
})(haystack);
// => [ '[1]', '[0]' ]
[[]] (match top level objects in array)
const haystack = [1, 2];
objectScan([[]], {
  joined: true,
  useArraySelector: false
})(haystack);
// => [ '[1]', '[0]' ]
[''] (match top level object)
const haystack = {};
objectScan([''], { joined: true })(haystack);
// => [ '' ]
['**.(^$)'] (match empty string keys)
const haystack = { '': 0, a: { '': 1 } };
objectScan(['**.(^$)'])(haystack);
// => [ [ 'a', '' ], [ '' ] ]
['**(^a$)'] (star recursion matches roots)
const haystack = [0, [{ a: 1 }, 2]];
objectScan(['**(^a$)'], {
  joined: true,
  useArraySelector: false
})(haystack);
// => [ '[1][1]', '[1][0].a', '[1][0]', '[0]' ]

8.3. Array String Keys

String keys in an Array are not traversed.

['**'] (str key skipped)
const haystack = (() => { const r = ['a', 'b']; r.str = 'c'; return r; })();
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  rtn: 'entry'
})(haystack);
// => [ [ '[1]', 'b' ], [ '[0]', 'a' ] ]

8.4. Sparse Arrays

Only set keys are traversed for spare Arrays.

['**'] (empty entries skipped)
const haystack = (() => { const r = []; r[1] = 'a'; return r; })();
objectScan(['**'], {
  joined: true,
  rtn: 'entry'
})(haystack);
// => [ [ '[1]', 'a' ] ]

8.5. Internals

This library has been designed around performance as a core feature.

The implementation is completely recursion free. This allows for traversal of deeply nested objects where a recursive approach would fail with a Maximum call stack size exceeded error.

Having a separate initialization stage allows for a performant search and significant speed-ups when applying the same search to different input.

Traversal happens depth-first, which allows for lower memory consumption.

Conceptually this package works as follows:

  1. During initialization the needles are parsed and built into a search tree. Various information is pre-computed and stored for every node. Finally, the search function is returned.

  2. When the search function is invoked, the input is traversed simultaneously with the relevant nodes of the search tree. Processing multiple search tree branches in parallel allows for a single traversal of the input.

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Last updated on 19 Jun 2024

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