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P(rocess) M(anager) 2

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PM2 is a production process manager for Node.js applications with a built-in load balancer. It allows you to keep applications alive forever, to reload them without downtime and to facilitate common system admin tasks.

Starting an application in production mode is as easy as:

$ pm2 start app.js

PM2 is constantly assailed by more than 1400 tests.

Official website:

Works on Linux (stable) & MacOSx (stable) & Windows (stable). All Node.js versions are supported starting Node.js 0.12.


Install PM2

$ npm install pm2 -g

npm is a builtin CLI when you install Node.js - Installing Node.js with NVM

Start an application

$ pm2 start app.js

Your app is now daemonized, monitored and kept alive forever.

More about Process Management

Monitor PM2 and Applications

To monitor your applications just type:

$ pm2 register

More about PM2 Monitoring

Update PM2

# Install latest pm2 version
$ npm install pm2@latest -g
# Save process list, exit old PM2 & restore all processes
$ pm2 update

PM2 updates are seamless

Main features

Commands overview

# General
$ npm install pm2 -g            # Install PM2
$ pm2 start app.js              # Start, Daemonize and auto-restart application (Node)
$ pm2 start              # Start, Daemonize and auto-restart application (Python)
$ pm2 start npm -- start        # Start, Daemonize and auto-restart Node application

# Cluster Mode (Node.js only)
$ pm2 start app.js -i 4         # Start 4 instances of application in cluster mode
                                # it will load balance network queries to each app
$ pm2 reload all                # Zero Second Downtime Reload
$ pm2 scale [app-name] 10       # Scale Cluster app to 10 process

# Process Monitoring
$ pm2 list                      # List all processes started with PM2
$ pm2 monit                     # Display memory and cpu usage of each app
$ pm2 show [app-name]           # Show all information about application

# Log management
$ pm2 logs                      # Display logs of all apps
$ pm2 logs [app-name]           # Display logs for a specific app
$ pm2 logs --json               # Logs in JSON format
$ pm2 flush
$ pm2 reloadLogs

# Process State Management
$ pm2 start app.js --name="api" # Start application and name it "api"
$ pm2 start app.js -- -a 34     # Start app and pass option "-a 34" as argument
$ pm2 start app.js --watch      # Restart application on file change
$ pm2 start           # Start bash script
$ pm2 start app.json            # Start all applications declared in app.json
$ pm2 reset [app-name]          # Reset all counters
$ pm2 stop all                  # Stop all apps
$ pm2 stop 0                    # Stop process with id 0
$ pm2 restart all               # Restart all apps
$ pm2 gracefulReload all        # Gracefully reload all apps in cluster mode
$ pm2 delete all                # Kill and delete all apps
$ pm2 delete 0                  # Delete app with id 0

# Startup/Boot management
$ pm2 startup                   # Detect init system, generate and configure pm2 boot on startup
$ pm2 save                      # Save current process list
$ pm2 resurrect                 # Restore previously saved processes
$ pm2 unstartup                 # Disable and remove startup system

$ pm2 update                    # Save processes, kill PM2 and restore processes
$ pm2 generate                  # Generate a sample json configuration file

# Deployment
$ pm2 deploy app.json prod setup    # Setup "prod" remote server
$ pm2 deploy app.json prod          # Update "prod" remote server
$ pm2 deploy app.json prod revert 2 # Revert "prod" remote server by 2

# Module system
$ pm2 module:generate [name]    # Generate sample module with name [name]
$ pm2 install pm2-logrotate     # Install module (here a log rotation system)
$ pm2 uninstall pm2-logrotate   # Uninstall module
$ pm2 publish                   # Increment version, git push and npm publish

Process management

Once applications are started you can list and manage them easily:

Process listing

Listing all running processes:

$ pm2 list

Managing your processes is straightforward:

$ pm2 stop     <app_name|id|'all'|json_conf>
$ pm2 restart  <app_name|id|'all'|json_conf>
$ pm2 delete   <app_name|id|'all'|json_conf>

To make sure it re-evaluates enviroment variables declared in your json_conf pass it as argument, and optionally your custom env name from your json_conf if any:

$ pm2 restart <json_conf> [--env <env_name>]

To have more details on a specific process:

$ pm2 describe <id|app_name>

More about Process Management

Load Balancing & Zero second Downtime Reload

When an application is started with the -i <instance_number> option, the Cluster Mode is enabled.

The Cluster Mode starts <instance_number> instances of your app and automatically load balance HTTP/TCP/UDP between each instance. This allows to increase overall performance depending on the number of CPUs available.

Seamlessly supported by all major Node.js frameworks and any Node.js applications without any code change:

Framework supported

Main commands:

$ pm2 start app.js -i max  # Enable load-balancer and start 'max' instances (cpu nb)

$ pm2 reload all           # Zero second dowtime reload

$ pm2 scale <app_name> <instance_number> # Increase / Decrease process number

More informations about how PM2 make clustering easy

CPU / Memory Monitoring


Monitoring all processes launched:

$ pm2 monit

Log facilities


Displaying logs of a specified process or all processes, in real time. Standard, Raw, JSON and formated output are available.

$ pm2 logs ['all'|app_name|app_id] [--json] [--format] [--raw]


$ pm2 logs APP-NAME       # Display APP-NAME logs
$ pm2 logs --json         # JSON output
$ pm2 logs --format       # Formated output

$ pm2 flush               # Flush all logs
$ pm2 reloadLogs          # Reload all logs

More about log management

Startup script generation

PM2 can generate and configure a startup script to keep PM2 and your processes alive at every server restart.

Supports init systems like: systemd (Ubuntu 16, CentOS, Arch), upstart (Ubuntu 14/12), launchd (MacOSx, Darwin), rc.d (FreeBSD).

# Auto detect init system + generate and setup PM2 boot at server startup
$ pm2 startup

# Manually specify the startup system
# Can be: systemd, upstart, launchd, rcd
$ pm2 startup [platform]

# Disable and remove PM2 boot at server startup
$ pm2 unstartup

To save/freeze a process list on reboot:

$ pm2 save

More about startup scripts

Module system

PM2 embeds a simple and powerful module system. Installing a module is straightforward:

$ pm2 install <module_name>

Here are some PM2 compatible modules (standalone Node.js applications managed by PM2):

pm2-logrotate auto rotate logs of PM2 and applications managed
pm2-webshell expose a fully capable terminal in browsers
pm2-server-monit monitor your server health

Writing your own module

Keymetrics monitoring

Keymetrics Dashboard

If you manage your NodeJS app with PM2, Keymetrics makes it easy to monitor and manage apps across servers. Feel free to try it:

Discover the monitoring dashboard for PM2

Thanks in advance and we hope that you like PM2!

More about PM2






PM2 is made available under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License 3.0 (AGPL 3.0). If you use the PM2 API contact us for a possible LGPL license.




Last updated on 25 Aug 2017

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