Socket
Socket
Sign inDemoInstall

cacheable-lookup

Package Overview
Dependencies
0
Maintainers
2
Versions
34
Alerts
File Explorer

Advanced tools

Install Socket

Detect and block malicious and high-risk dependencies

Install

cacheable-lookup

A cacheable dns.lookup(…) that respects TTL


Version published
Maintainers
2
Weekly downloads
8,980,571
decreased by-18.94%
Install size
24.6 kB

Weekly downloads

Package description

What is cacheable-lookup?

The cacheable-lookup npm package is designed to enhance the Node.js DNS module with caching capabilities. It provides a way to cache DNS lookup results in order to improve performance for repeated DNS queries. This is particularly useful for applications making numerous requests to the same domains, as it reduces the number of DNS queries that need to be performed over the network.

What are cacheable-lookup's main functionalities?

Caching DNS lookups

This feature allows you to cache DNS lookups to improve performance. The code sample demonstrates how to perform a DNS lookup for 'example.com' and cache the result.

const CacheableLookup = require('cacheable-lookup');
const cacheable = new CacheableLookup();
cacheable.lookup('example.com', (err, address, family) => {
  console.log(address);
});

Integration with http.Agent

This feature demonstrates how cacheable-lookup can be integrated with Node.js http.Agent to automatically use cached DNS lookups for HTTP requests. This can significantly reduce DNS lookup times for repeated requests to the same domain.

const CacheableLookup = require('cacheable-lookup');
const http = require('http');
const cacheable = new CacheableLookup();
const agent = new http.Agent({
  lookup: cacheable.lookup
});
http.get('http://example.com', { agent }, (res) => {
  // Handle response
});

Other packages similar to cacheable-lookup

Readme

Source

cacheable-lookup

A cacheable dns.lookup(…) that respects TTL :tada:

Node CI codecov npm install size

Making lots of HTTP requests? You can save some time by caching DNS lookups :zap:

Usage

Using the lookup option

import http from 'node:http';
import CacheableLookup from 'cacheable-lookup';

const cacheable = new CacheableLookup();

http.get('http://example.com', {lookup: cacheable.lookup}, response => {
	// Handle the response here
});

Attaching CacheableLookup to an Agent

import http from 'node:http';
import https from 'node:https';
import CacheableLookup from 'cacheable-lookup';

const cacheable = new CacheableLookup();

cacheable.install(http.globalAgent);
cacheable.install(https.globalAgent);

http.get('http://example.com', response => {
	// Handle the response here
});

API

new CacheableLookup(options)

Returns a new instance of CacheableLookup.

options

Type: object
Default: {}

Options used to cache the DNS lookups.

cache

Type: Map | Keyv
Default: new Map()

Custom cache instance. If undefined, it will create a new one.

Note: If you decide to use Keyv instead of the native implementation, the performance will drop by 10x. Memory leaks may occur as it doesn't provide any way to remove all the deprecated values at once.

Tip: QuickLRU is fully compatible with the Map API, you can use it to limit the amount of cached entries. Example:

import http from 'node:http';
import CacheableLookup from 'cacheable-lookup';
import QuickLRU from 'quick-lru';

const cacheable = new CacheableLookup({
	cache: new QuickLRU({maxSize: 1000})
});

http.get('http://example.com', {lookup: cacheable.lookup}, response => {
	// Handle the response here
});
options.maxTtl

Type: number
Default: Infinity

The maximum lifetime of the entries received from the specifed DNS server (TTL in seconds).

If set to 0, it will make a new DNS query each time.

Pro Tip: This shouldn't be lower than your DNS server response time in order to prevent bottlenecks. For example, if you use Cloudflare, this value should be greater than 0.01.

options.fallbackDuration

Type: number
Default: 3600 (1 hour)

When the DNS server responds with ENOTFOUND or ENODATA and the OS reports that the entry is available, it will use dns.lookup(...) directly for the requested hostnames for the specified amount of time (in seconds).

Note: You should avoid setting this to 0 unless the provided DNS servers' database is limited to few domains.

options.errorTtl

Type: number
Default: 0.15

The time how long it needs to remember queries that threw ENOTFOUND or ENODATA (TTL in seconds).

Note: This option is independent, options.maxTtl does not affect this.

Pro Tip: This shouldn't be lower than your DNS server response time in order to prevent bottlenecks. For example, if you use Cloudflare, this value should be greater than 0.01.

options.resolver

Type: dns.Resolver | dns.promises.Resolver
Default: new dns.promises.Resolver()

An instance of DNS Resolver used to make DNS queries.

options.lookup

Type: Function
Default: dns.lookup

The fallback function to use when the DNS server responds with ENOTFOUND or ENODATA.

If you don't query internal hostnames (such as localhost, database.local etc.), it is strongly recommended to set this to false.

Entry object

Type: object

address

Type: string

The IP address (can be an IPv4 or IPv6 address).

family

Type: number

The IP family (4 or 6).

expires

Type: number

Note: This is not present when falling back to dns.lookup(...)!

The timestamp (Date.now() + ttl * 1000) when the entry expires.

ttl

Note: This is not present when falling back to dns.lookup(...)!

The time in seconds for its lifetime.

source

Note: This is not present when falling back to dns.lookup(...)!

Whether this entry was loaded from the cache or came from a query (cache or query)

Entry object (callback-style)

When options.all is false, then callback(error, address, family, expires, ttl) is called.
When options.all is true, then callback(error, entries) is called.

CacheableLookup instance

servers

Type: Array

The DNS servers used to make queries. Can be overridden - doing so will clear the cache.

lookup(hostname, options, callback)
lookupAsync(hostname, options)

The asynchronous version of dns.lookup(…).

Returns an entry object.
If options.all is true, returns an array of entry objects.

hostname

Type: string

options

Type: object

The same as the dns.lookup(…) options.

query(hostname)

An asynchronous function which returns cached DNS lookup entries.
This is the base for lookupAsync(hostname, options) and lookup(hostname, options, callback).

Note: This function has no options.

Returns an array of objects with address, family, ttl and expires properties.

queryAndCache(hostname)

An asynchronous function which makes two DNS queries: A and AAAA. The result is cached.
This is used by query(hostname) if no entry in the database is present.

Returns an array of objects with address, family, ttl and expires properties.

updateInterfaceInfo()

Updates interface info. For example, you need to run this when you plug or unplug your WiFi driver.

Note: Running updateInterfaceInfo() will trigger clear() only on network interface removal.

clear(hostname?)

Clears the cache for the given hostname. If the hostname argument is not present, the entire cache will be emptied.

High performance

Performed on:

  • Query: example.com
  • CPU: i7-7700k
  • CPU governor: performance
CacheableLookup#lookupAsync                x 2,896,251 ops/sec ±1.07% (85 runs sampled)
CacheableLookup#lookupAsync.all            x 2,842,664 ops/sec ±1.11% (88 runs sampled)
CacheableLookup#lookupAsync.all.ADDRCONFIG x 2,598,283 ops/sec ±1.21% (88 runs sampled)
CacheableLookup#lookup                     x 2,565,913 ops/sec ±1.56% (85 runs sampled)
CacheableLookup#lookup.all                 x 2,609,039 ops/sec ±1.01% (86 runs sampled)
CacheableLookup#lookup.all.ADDRCONFIG      x 2,416,242 ops/sec ±0.89% (85 runs sampled)
dns#lookup                                 x 7,272     ops/sec ±0.36% (86 runs sampled)
dns#lookup.all                             x 7,249     ops/sec ±0.40% (86 runs sampled)
dns#lookup.all.ADDRCONFIG                  x 5,693     ops/sec ±0.28% (85 runs sampled)
Fastest is CacheableLookup#lookupAsync.all

Keywords

FAQs

Last updated on 27 Sep 2022

Did you know?

Socket for GitHub automatically highlights issues in each pull request and monitors the health of all your open source dependencies. Discover the contents of your packages and block harmful activity before you install or update your dependencies.

Install

Related posts

SocketSocket SOC 2 Logo

Product

  • Package Alerts
  • Integrations
  • Docs
  • Pricing
  • FAQ
  • Roadmap

Stay in touch

Get open source security insights delivered straight into your inbox.


  • Terms
  • Privacy
  • Security

Made with ⚡️ by Socket Inc