Socket
Socket
Sign inDemoInstall

trough

Package Overview
Dependencies
0
Maintainers
1
Versions
11
Alerts
File Explorer

Advanced tools

Install Socket

Detect and block malicious and high-risk dependencies

Install

    trough

`trough` is middleware


Version published
Maintainers
1
Install size
22.3 kB
Created

Package description

What is trough?

The trough npm package is a utility for creating middleware-style function pipelines. It allows you to compose and execute functions in a series, where each function can asynchronously handle data and pass it to the next function in the pipeline. This is particularly useful for processing data, handling requests in web servers, or any scenario where you need a series of operations to be performed in order.

What are trough's main functionalities?

Pipeline Creation

This code sample demonstrates how to create a new pipeline using trough. It first requires the trough package and then creates a new pipeline instance.

const trough = require('trough');
const pipeline = trough();

Adding Middleware

This code sample shows how to add a middleware function to the pipeline. The middleware function takes data and a callback function (`next`) as arguments. It modifies the data and passes it to the next middleware in the pipeline by calling `next`.

pipeline.use(function (data, next) {
  // Modify data
  next(null, modifiedData);
});

Executing the Pipeline

This code sample illustrates how to execute the pipeline with some initial data. It runs the pipeline and provides a callback function to handle the final result or any errors that might occur during the execution.

pipeline.run(initialData, function (err, result) {
  if (err) throw err;
  // Handle result
});

Other packages similar to trough

Readme

Source

trough

Build Coverage Downloads Size

trough is middleware.

Contents

What is this?

trough is like ware with less sugar. Middleware functions can also change the input of the next.

The word trough (/trôf/) means a channel used to convey a liquid.

When should I use this?

You can use this package when you’re building something that accepts “plugins”, which are functions, that can be sync or async, promises or callbacks.

Install

This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install trough

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {trough, wrap} from 'https://esm.sh/trough@2'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {trough, wrap} from 'https://esm.sh/trough@2?bundle'
</script>

Use

import fs from 'node:fs'
import path from 'node:path'
import process from 'node:process'
import {trough} from 'trough'

const pipeline = trough()
  .use(function (fileName) {
    console.log('Checking… ' + fileName)
  })
  .use(function (fileName) {
    return path.join(process.cwd(), fileName)
  })
  .use(function (filePath, next) {
    fs.stat(filePath, function (error, stats) {
      next(error, {filePath, stats})
    })
  })
  .use(function (ctx, next) {
    if (ctx.stats.isFile()) {
      fs.readFile(ctx.filePath, next)
    } else {
      next(new Error('Expected file'))
    }
  })

pipeline.run('readme.md', console.log)
pipeline.run('node_modules', console.log)

Yields:

Checking… readme.md
Checking… node_modules
Error: Expected file
    at ~/example.js:22:12
    at wrapped (~/node_modules/trough/index.js:111:16)
    at next (~/node_modules/trough/index.js:62:23)
    at done (~/node_modules/trough/index.js:145:7)
    at ~/example.js:15:7
    at FSReqCallback.oncomplete (node:fs:199:5)
null <Buffer 23 20 74 72 6f 75 67 68 0a 0a 5b 21 5b 42 75 69 6c 64 5d 5b 62 75 69 6c 64 2d 62 61 64 67 65 5d 5d 5b 62 75 69 6c 64 5d 0a 5b 21 5b 43 6f 76 65 72 61 ... 7994 more bytes>

API

This package exports the identifiers trough and wrap. There is no default export.

It exports the TypeScript types Callback, Middleware, Pipeline, Run, and Use.

trough()

Create new middleware.

Parameters

There are no parameters.

Returns

Pipeline.

wrap(middleware, callback)

Wrap middleware into a uniform interface.

You can pass all input to the resulting function. callback is then called with the output of middleware.

If middleware accepts more arguments than the later given in input, an extra done function is passed to it after that input, which must be called by middleware.

The first value in input is the main input value. All other input values are the rest input values. The values given to callback are the input values, merged with every non-nullish output value.

  • if middleware throws an error, returns a promise that is rejected, or calls the given done function with an error, callback is called with that error
  • if middleware returns a value or returns a promise that is resolved, that value is the main output value
  • if middleware calls done, all non-nullish values except for the first one (the error) overwrite the output values
Parameters
  • middleware (Middleware) — function to wrap
  • callback (Callback) — callback called with the output of middleware
Returns

Wrapped middleware (Run).

Callback

Callback function (TypeScript type).

Parameters
  • error (Error, optional) — error, if any
  • ...output (Array<unknown>, optional) — output values
Returns

Nothing (undefined).

Middleware

A middleware function called with the output of its predecessor (TypeScript type).

Synchronous

If fn returns or throws an error, the pipeline fails and done is called with that error.

If fn returns a value (neither null nor undefined), the first input of the next function is set to that value (all other input is passed through).

The following example shows how returning an error stops the pipeline:

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function (thing) {
    return new Error('Got: ' + thing)
  })
  .run('some value', console.log)

Yields:

Error: Got: some value
    at ~/example.js:5:12
    …

The following example shows how throwing an error stops the pipeline:

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function (thing) {
    throw new Error('Got: ' + thing)
  })
  .run('more value', console.log)

Yields:

Error: Got: more value
    at ~/example.js:5:11
    …

The following example shows how the first output can be modified:

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function (thing) {
    return 'even ' + thing
  })
  .run('more value', 'untouched', console.log)

Yields:

null 'even more value' 'untouched'
Promise

If fn returns a promise, and that promise rejects, the pipeline fails and done is called with the rejected value.

If fn returns a promise, and that promise resolves with a value (neither null nor undefined), the first input of the next function is set to that value (all other input is passed through).

The following example shows how rejecting a promise stops the pipeline:

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function (thing) {
    return new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {
      reject('Got: ' + thing)
    })
  })
  .run('thing', console.log)

Yields:

Got: thing

The following example shows how the input isn’t touched by resolving to null.

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function () {
    return new Promise(function (resolve) {
      setTimeout(function () {
        resolve(null)
      }, 100)
    })
  })
  .run('Input', console.log)

Yields:

null 'Input'
Asynchronous

If fn accepts one more argument than the given input, a next function is given (after the input). next must be called, but doesn’t have to be called async.

If next is given a value (neither null nor undefined) as its first argument, the pipeline fails and done is called with that value.

If next is given no value (either null or undefined) as the first argument, all following non-nullish values change the input of the following function, and all nullish values default to the input.

The following example shows how passing a first argument stops the pipeline:

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function (thing, next) {
    next(new Error('Got: ' + thing))
  })
  .run('thing', console.log)

Yields:

Error: Got: thing
    at ~/example.js:5:10

The following example shows how more values than the input are passed.

import {trough} from 'trough'

trough()
  .use(function (thing, next) {
    setTimeout(function () {
      next(null, null, 'values')
    }, 100)
  })
  .run('some', console.log)

Yields:

null 'some' 'values'
Parameters
  • ...input (Array<any>, optional) — input values
Returns

Output, promise, etc (any).

Pipeline

Pipeline (TypeScript type).

Properties
  • run (Run) — run the pipeline
  • use (Use) — add middleware

Run

Call all middleware (TypeScript type).

Calls done on completion with either an error or the output of the last middleware.

👉 Note: as the length of input defines whether async functions get a next function, it’s recommended to keep input at one value normally.

Parameters
  • ...input (Array<any>, optional) — input values
  • done (Callback) — callback called when done
Returns

Nothing (undefined).

Use

Add middleware (TypeScript type).

Parameters
Returns

Current pipeline (Pipeline).

Compatibility

This projects is compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, trough@2, compatible with Node.js 12.

Security

This package is safe.

Contribute

Yes please! See How to Contribute to Open Source.

License

MIT © Titus Wormer

Keywords

FAQs

Last updated on 05 Feb 2024

Did you know?

Socket for GitHub automatically highlights issues in each pull request and monitors the health of all your open source dependencies. Discover the contents of your packages and block harmful activity before you install or update your dependencies.

Install

Related posts

SocketSocket SOC 2 Logo

Product

  • Package Alerts
  • Integrations
  • Docs
  • Pricing
  • FAQ
  • Roadmap

Stay in touch

Get open source security insights delivered straight into your inbox.


  • Terms
  • Privacy
  • Security

Made with ⚡️ by Socket Inc