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unist-util-visit-parents

unist utility to recursively walk over nodes, with ancestral information

    6.0.1latest
    GitHub
    npm

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2
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unist-util-visit-parents

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unist utility to walk the tree with a stack of parents.

Contents

What is this?

This is a very important utility for working with unist as it lets you walk the tree.

When should I use this?

You can use this utility when you want to walk the tree and want to know about every parent of each node. You can use unist-util-visit if you don’t care about the entire stack of parents.

Install

This package is ESM only. In Node.js (version 16+), install with npm:

npm install unist-util-visit-parents

In Deno with esm.sh:

import {visitParents} from 'https://esm.sh/unist-util-visit-parents@6'

In browsers with esm.sh:

<script type="module">
  import {visitParents} from 'https://esm.sh/unist-util-visit-parents@6?bundle'
</script>

Use

import {visitParents} from 'unist-util-visit-parents'
import {fromMarkdown} from 'mdast-util-from-markdown'

const tree = fromMarkdown('Some *emphasis*, **strong**, and `code`.')

visitParents(tree, 'strong', function (node, ancestors) {
  console.log(node.type, ancestors.map(ancestor => ancestor.type))
})

Yields:

strong ['root', 'paragraph']

API

This package exports the identifiers CONTINUE, EXIT, SKIP, and visitParents. There is no default export.

visitParents(tree[, test], visitor[, reverse])

Visit nodes, with ancestral information.

This algorithm performs depth-first tree traversal in preorder (NLR) or if reverse is given, in reverse preorder (NRL).

You can choose for which nodes visitor is called by passing a test. For complex tests, you should test yourself in visitor, as it will be faster and will have improved type information.

Walking the tree is an intensive task. Make use of the return values of the visitor when possible. Instead of walking a tree multiple times, walk it once, use unist-util-is to check if a node matches, and then perform different operations.

You can change the tree. See Visitor for more info.

Parameters
  • tree (Node) — tree to traverse
  • test (Test, optional) — unist-util-is-compatible test
  • visitor (Visitor) — handle each node
  • reverse (boolean, default: false) — traverse in reverse preorder (NRL) instead of the default preorder (NLR)
Returns

Nothing (undefined).

CONTINUE

Continue traversing as normal (true).

EXIT

Stop traversing immediately (false).

SKIP

Do not traverse this node’s children ('skip').

Action

Union of the action types (TypeScript type).

Type
type Action = typeof CONTINUE | typeof EXIT | typeof SKIP

ActionTuple

List with one or two values, the first an action, the second an index (TypeScript type).

Type
type ActionTuple = [
  (Action | null | undefined | void)?,
  (Index | null | undefined)?
]

BuildVisitor

Build a typed Visitor function from a tree and a test (TypeScript type).

It will infer which values are passed as node and which as parents.

Type parameters
  • Tree (Node, default: Node) — tree type
  • Check (Test, default: Test) — test type
Returns

Visitor.

Index

Move to the sibling at index next (after node itself is completely traversed) (TypeScript type).

Useful if mutating the tree, such as removing the node the visitor is currently on, or any of its previous siblings. Results less than 0 or greater than or equal to children.length stop traversing the parent.

Type
type Index = number

Test

unist-util-is compatible test (TypeScript type).

Visitor

Handle a node (matching test, if given) (TypeScript type).

Visitors are free to transform node. They can also transform the parent of node (the last of ancestors).

Replacing node itself, if SKIP is not returned, still causes its descendants to be walked (which is a bug).

When adding or removing previous siblings of node (or next siblings, in case of reverse), the Visitor should return a new Index to specify the sibling to traverse after node is traversed. Adding or removing next siblings of node (or previous siblings, in case of reverse) is handled as expected without needing to return a new Index.

Removing the children property of an ancestor still results in them being traversed.

Parameters
Returns

What to do next.

An Index is treated as a tuple of [CONTINUE, Index]. An Action is treated as a tuple of [Action].

Passing a tuple back only makes sense if the Action is SKIP. When the Action is EXIT, that action can be returned. When the Action is CONTINUE, Index can be returned.

VisitorResult

Any value that can be returned from a visitor (TypeScript type).

Type
type VisitorResult =
  | Action
  | ActionTuple
  | Index
  | null
  | undefined
  | void

Types

This package is fully typed with TypeScript. It exports the additional types Action, ActionTuple, BuildVisitor, Index, Test, Visitor, and VisitorResult.

Compatibility

Projects maintained by the unified collective are compatible with maintained versions of Node.js.

When we cut a new major release, we drop support for unmaintained versions of Node. This means we try to keep the current release line, unist-util-visit-parents@^6, compatible with Node.js 16.

Contribute

See contributing.md in syntax-tree/.github for ways to get started. See support.md for ways to get help.

This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.

License

MIT © Titus Wormer

Keywords

FAQs

Last updated on 07 Jul 2023

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Socket installs a GitHub app to automatically flag issues on every pull request and report the health of your dependencies. Find out what is inside your node modules and prevent malicious activity before you update the dependencies.

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